Peanut is a key component of Senegal’s predominantly cereal-based farming systems, but its production is challenged by low soil fertility. Rhizobial inoculation is a promising strategy to improve crop yield and reduce the use of chemical nitrogen fertilizers. The aim of this study was to isolate the most specific and effective bradyrhizobial strain for peanut, and to determine the degree of variability in the response of peanut cultivars to inoculation. The seeds of five cultivars: 55-437, Fleur 11, Sunu Gaal, Amoul Morom and Essamaay were inoculated individually with ten bradyrhizobial strains (LMG9283 and USDA3187, which are the reference strains; ISRA400, ISRA453, ISRA454, ISRA519, ISRA534 and ISRA538, isolated from Fleur 11 in Senegal, and ORS3640 and ORS3644, isolated from herbaceous species that are commonly found in Senegalese farmers’ fields). The plants were grown under greenhouse conditions in a mixture of sandy soil and vermiculite (1/1, v/v). The results obtained in terms of nodule formation, plant growth and yield parameters showed a positive effect of bradyrhizobial inoculation. However, these data indicated that the response of peanut to inoculation was cultivar dependent, with the traditional cultivars 55-437 and Fleur 11 showing the greatest increase in plant growth and yield parameters. Our results also highlighted the need for cultivar-specific selection of Bradyrhizobium to improve inoculation success in peanut, with the indigenous isolates being specifically more effective than the reference strains. According to this study, it would be beneficial to promote the use of native isolates that perform well with the peanut cultivars studied.
Key words: Peanut (Arachis hypogaea), inoculation, indigenous and exotic Bradyrhizobium strains, nodulation, growth, yield parameters.
Copyright © 2023 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0