African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12484

Full Length Research Paper

Amount and qualities of carotenoids in fillets of fish species fed with natural feed in some fisheries of West African Coast

Bazyli Czeczuga1*, Janusz Semeniuk2, Ewa Czeczuga-Semeniuk1, Adrianna Semeniuk1 and Bernard Klyszejko3
  1Department of General Biology, Medical University, Mickiewicza 2C, 15-222 Bialystok, Poland. 2Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Allergology, Medical University, Waszyngtona 17, 15-274 BiaÅ‚ystok, Poland. 3Department of Fish Phisiology, Agricultural University, K. Krolewicza 4, 71-550 Szczecin, Poland.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 08 February 2013
  •  Published: 31 March 2013



Using column (CC), thin- layer (TLC) and high- performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), carotenoid content was examined in the fillets (muscles with skin) of 16 fish species from the fisheries of West African Coast. 15 carotenoids, including 6 ketocarotenoids (4’- hydroxyechinenone, canthaxanthin, phoenicopterone, phoenicoxanthin, astaxanthin, 7,8- didehydroastaxanthin) were found, with a predominance of 3,4- dihydro- α- carotene, zeaxanthin, phoenicopterone, canthaxanthin, phoenicoxanthin and astaxanthin. Total carotenoid content in the examined material ranged from 0.086 (Merluccius merluccius) to 0.352 µg g-1 wet mass (Macrurus aequalis). Also, the increase of different environmental factors- especially food, parasites and organochlorine pollution on carotenoid content in fishes and their role in human’s life was discussed.


Key words: Carotenoids, fish, fillets, fisheries, West Africa.