Somatic embryo tissues of Astragalus chrysochlorus were transformed with the b-glucuronidase (GUS) and neomycin phosphotransferase II (npt II) genes by electroporation. The effect of electric field strength was tested for transient expression. It was found that 1000 V/cm and 200 ms and 1 pulse was the optimum combination to transform embryo tissues (expression level was 61.5%). Electroporated somatic embryo tissues were positive for GUS expression and PCR analysis for the genes GUS and npt II. After PCR analysis, we found that the efficiency of the somatic embryos with transient GUS expression by electroporation was 48%.
Key words: Astragalus, gene transfer, electroporation, -glucuronidase, neomycin phosphotransferase II.
GUS, b-glucuronidase; npt II, neomycin phosphotransferase II;nos, nopaline synthetase; IAA, indole-3-acetic acid; MS, Murashige and Skoog; 2,4-D, 2,4-dichloro-phenoxyacetic acid; PCR, polymerase chain reaction.
Copyright © 2020 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0