African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12269

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of in vitro antitumoral and antimicrobial activities of marine algae harvested from the eastern Mediterranean sea

E. Taskin*, Z. Caki,  M. Ozturk and  E. Taskin
Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Celal Bayar University, Muradiye-Manisa 45140, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 May 2010
  •  Published: 31 July 2010

Abstract

Antitumoral activities of five algal extracts obtained from the marine algaeScytosiphon lomentaria, Padina pavonica, Cystoseira mediterranea (Phaeophyceae), Hypnea musciformis and Spyridia filamentosa (Rhodophyta) were assessed against the human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF–7 and the human prostate carcinoma epithelium like cell lines DU 145, LNCaP, PC3 using the cytotoxic assay, in vitro. The crude extract of S. filamentosa showed strong cytotoxic activity against the DU-145 cell line, and it showed less than 10% cell viability after treatment. Antimicrobial activities of the crude extracts of algae (with the exception of H. musciformis) were also tested by disc diffusion assay against three Gram positive and five Gram negative bacterial strains and against the yeast pathogen Candida albicans. Among the extraxts, S. lomentaria extract (prepared with methanol) inhibited highly Gram negative bacterium Salmonella typhimuriumgrowth while C. albicans growth was only inhibited by C. mediterrranea extract.

 

Key words: Antimicrobial activity, Mediterranean sea, in vitro cytotoxicity, marine algae.

Abbreviation

 DMSO, Dimethlysulfoxide; FBS, fetal bovine serum; PBS, phosphate-buffered saline.