African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12278

Review

Plant latex lipase as biocatalysts for biodiesel production

Mouaimine Mazou
  • Mouaimine Mazou
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
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Andriano Jospin Djossou
  • Andriano Jospin Djossou
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
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Fidele Paul Tchobo
  • Fidele Paul Tchobo
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
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Pierre Villeneuve
  • Pierre Villeneuve
  • CIRAD, UMR Ingénierie des Agro-polymères et Technologies Emergentes, Campus Supagro/INRA, Montpellier, France.
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Mohamed M. Soumanou
  • Mohamed M. Soumanou
  • Unité de Recherche en Génie Enzymatique et Alimentaire, Laboratoire d’Etude et de Recherche en Chimie Appliquée, Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi, Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009, Cotonou, Bénin.
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  •  Received: 02 September 2015
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2016
  •  Published: 13 July 2016

Abstract

Industrial-scale processes currently developed make use of chemical catalysis processes that are highly efficient but require very complex product purification steps. Enzymatic catalysis through plant lipases as biocatalysts is an alternative which, in contrast to chemical catalysis processes, appeared simple to perform, and can be done at low investment cost. Although microbial lipases have been extensively studied, little research has been focused on the use of plant lipases namely plant latex lipases. The present article outlines the most advanced knowledge concerning plant latex characterization in order to show how plant latex can be a promising alternative to catalyze transesterification for biodiesel production. This paper provides an overview regarding the main aspects of latex, such as the reactions catalyzed, physiological functions, specificities, sources and their industrial applications.

Key words: Plant latex, lipase, Transesterification, purification, biodiesel.