In vitro screening of antibacterial and antifungal activities of hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, methanol and water extracts of selected promising actinomycetes strains were studied towards Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria, dermatophytes and opportunistic pathogens. Crude antimicrobial metabolites were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction and solid-liquid extraction method using hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol. The lowest minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of the extracts was assessed by the broth micro dilution method. All the extracts obtained from eight strains showed promising activity against tested Gram-positive bacteria. The hexane extracts of strain ERI-1 exhibited activity against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis at a concentration of 5 mg/ml. Ethyl acetate extract of strain ERI-4 showed MIC of 5 mg/ml but S. epidermidis and S. aureus. B. subtilis exhibited activity at 2.5 mg/ml. However, ethyl acetate and lyophilized water extract of strain ERI-3 inhibited the growth of Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton rubrum, Epidermophyton floccosum and Scropulariopsis sp at 10 mg/ml. Overall significant antibacterial and antifungal activities were noted in the ethyl acetate extract of ERI-1 and ERI-3. Methanol extract of ERI-26 exhibited good antibacterial and antifungal activities.
Key words: Actinomycetes, organic extracts, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), antimicrobial activity.
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