African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12193

Full Length Research Paper

Synthesis and characterization of reactive dye-cassava mesocarp cation exchange resins

Akaranta, O.1 and Agiri, G. O.2*
  1Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, University of Port-Harcourt, Port Harcourt, River State, Nigeria. 2Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology Department, Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 19 April 2010
  •  Published: 17 May 2010

Abstract

 

The synthesis of triazine based reactive dyes was carried out. The resultant dyes were characterized by thin layers chromatography, molecular weight, infrared and ultra- violet spectroscopy, and used in dyeing cassava mesocarp to produce dye modified cellulosic substrates. The dyed substrates were tested for dye fixation, fastness (acid, alkali, wash) and solvent stability. Results obtained show that the dyes have excellent dyeing properties attributable to chemical bond formation between the dye molecules and the hydroxyl groups of the substrate (cassava mesocarp). The satisfactory fastness properties and good dye fixation on the substrate are of importance in the preparation of stable and efficient dye modified cellulosic ion exchange resins.  

 

Key words: Reactive dye, dye modified cassava mesocarp, cation exchange resins.