African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12296

Full Length Research Paper

In vitro evaluation of the interactions between acetone extracts of Garcinia kola seeds and some antibiotics

Sibanda, T. and Okoh, A. I.*
Applied and Environmental Microbiology Research Group (AEMREG), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology,University of Fort Hare, P/Bag X1314 Alice 5700, South Africa.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 January 2008
  •  Published: 03 June 2008



The effect of combinations of the acetone extract of Garcinia kola seeds and six first-line antibiotics was investigated by means of fractional inhibitory concentration (FIC) indices as well as by the use of time kill assays. Using the FIC indices, synergistic interactions were observed largely against gram positive organisms (FIC indices of 0.52 - 0.875) with combinations against gram negatives yielding largely antagonistic interactions (FIC indices of 2.0 to 5.0). The time kill assay detected synergy against both gram negative and gram positive organisms with a ≥ 1000 times (≥ 3Log10)  potentiation of the bactericidal activity of tetracycline and chloramphenicol (against E. coli ATCC8739 and K. pneumoniae ATCC10031) as well as amoxycillin and penicillin G againstStaphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538. Combinations involving erythromycin and ciprofloxacin consistently gave antagonistic or indifferent interactions. We conclude that the acetone extract of G. kola can be a potential source of broad spectrum antibiotics resistance modifying compounds.


Key words: Garcinia kola, antibiotic resistance, interactions, resistance modifying compounds.