African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12485

Table of Content: 26 April. 2017; 16(17)

April 2017

Bioaccumulation of zinc in Rana tigrina in different aquatic habitats

Some creatures are very sensitive to water borne pollutants and can be used as useful bio-indicators of water pollutions. The present study used these bio-indicators to determine the status regarding health of freshwater habitats. The study was carried out to quantify Zn in kidney and liver of Rana tigrina from different aquatic habitats (canal, fish pond and sewage water) by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). Liver...

Author(s): Muhammad Nasir, Tariq Mahmood Ansari, Ghulam Yasin, Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Ahmad Mudassir and Aleem Ahmad Khan

April 2017

Changes in phenol metabolism of minimally processed ‘baby cassava’ under different temperatures: An alternative to commercialization

This study aimed to evaluate the changes in the phenolic oxidation mediated by polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and peroxidase (POD) in the quality of minimally processed ‘baby cassava’, during the first hours and days of conservation at different temperatures. Pieces of roots of cassava cv. Recife were minimally processed into ‘baby cassava’ form and kept at 5 ± 2 and 25 ± 2°C for 12h...

Author(s): Fred Augusto Lourêdo de Brito, Rúbia Kécia Marins Maia, Luiz Ferreira Coelho Júnior, Daniel Gomes Coelho, Marcos Ribeiro da Silva Vieira, Sérgio Luiz Ferreira da Silva and Adriano do Nascimento Simões

April 2017

High-performance liquid chromatography-diode-array detector (HPLC-DAD) analysis and evaluation of antioxidant and photoprotective activities of extracts from seeds of Simira gardneriana M. R. V. Barbosa and Peixoto (Rubiaceae)

Simira gardneriana is a Rubiaceae species commonly found in the Brazilian Northeast region, presented several therapeutic and biotechnological applications. In this paper, the antioxidant and photoprotective properties of extracts from the seeds of S. gardneriana were highlighted. The antioxidant activity of ethanol and methanol extracts (Si-EtOH and Si-MeOH, respectively) was determined, using...

Author(s): Christiane Adrielly Alves Ferraz, Raimundo Gonçalves de Oliveira-Júnior, Ana Paula de Oliveira, Sarah Raquel Gomes de Lima-Saraiva, Grasielly Rocha Souza, José Alves de Siqueira-Filho, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Pedro José Rolim-Neto, Jackson Roberto Guedes da Silva Almeida and Xirley Pereira Nunes

April 2017

Histochemical GUS expression of beta tubulin promoter in transgenic tobacco

Agrobacterium mediated plant transformation is a useful technique for stable transformation of plants. This study aimed at stable transformation of the beta tubulin (β) gene promoter and its expression analysis by histochemical GUS assay. The beta tubulin promoter sequence was cloned in plant expression vector (pGA482) and transformed stably in tobacco through Agrobacterium mediated transformation. The stable GUS...

Author(s): Hira Mubeen, Aftab Bashir, Ayesha Ameen, Ammara Masood and Shahid Raza

April 2017

Phenotypic diversity in physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) in vivo germplasm bank for superior parent selection

Jatropha curcas is an interesting alternative for biodiesel production due to the high oil content in its seeds, its ability to grow in a wide range of climate and soil conditions as well as low cost of production. However, the species is considered to be in domestication and there are no defined cultivars. Therefore, it is extremely important to understand the genetic diversity of the species for selection and...

Author(s): Amanda Carolina Prado de Moraes, Fabiana Mota da Silva, Aretha Arcênio Pimentel Corrêa, Antônio Orlando Di-Mauro and Sandra Helena Unêda-Trevisoli 

April 2017

Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of Lippia alba essential oil obtained by supercritical CO2 and hydrodistillation

Lippia alba essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation (HD) and supercritical fluid (SFE) extraction methods. These were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-flame ionization detector (GC-FID-MS). Antioxidant activity was tested by DPPH and ABTS methods, and total soluble phenolics (TSP) were also determined. While in the SFE extract 14 compounds were identified (mostly: myrcenone 3.4%,...

Author(s): L. Reyes-Solano, A. P. Breksa III, J. Benigno Valdez-Torres, M. Angulo-Escalante and J. B. Heredia

April 2017

Modelling the rheological properties of gruels produced from selected food products from Cameroon

This study investigated the flow behaviour of some food gruels obtained from pre-treated banana, sorghum or sesame flours. The Herschel-Bulkley and the power law models were used to evaluate the consistency and flow indices while an Arrhenius-type equation was used to analyse the effect of temperature on viscosity. The Ostwald de Waele model gave a good fit with experimental data, with p-values less than 0.01 and R2...

Author(s): Cybèle Maka Taga and Yvette Jiokap Nono

April 2017

Molecular characterization and insecticidal activities of Malian native crystalliferous Bacillus thuringiensis

The objective of this work was to select the most active Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) isolated from agricultural soils of Mali through the molecular characterization and the determination of insecticidal activities of the protein crystals, produced by these native isolates. Crystal proteins were extracted from B. thuringiensis culture, and characterized using the SDS-PAGE techniques. Their insecticidal activities were...

Author(s): Rokiatou Fané, Adounigna Kassogué, Diakaridia Traoré, Sognan Dao. Kadia Maïga, Aliou Bah, Fernando Hercos Valicente and Amadou Hamadoun Babana

April 2017

Computational antioxidant capacity simulation assay of Garcinia kola (Heckel) seed extracts

Polypharmacological activities of the biflavonoid fraction of Garcinia kola seed justify its development as a nutraceutical, however, quality assurance of active nutraceutical ingredient (ANI) requires conformance to appropriate standards of composition and quality. It was hypothesized that variation in extraction protocols, as previously reported for the biflavonoid fraction, would lead to variation in extract...

Author(s): Sunday Olakunle Idowu, Morenikeji Ayodele Adeyemo, Segun Abidemi Aderibigbe and Oluwabukola Idowu Omotayo