African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4131

Full Length Research Paper

The influence of age and gender on entrepreneurial behaviour characteristics of students and professionals of Business Administration

LIMA FILHO Raimundo Nonato1*, BRUNI Adriano Leal2 and AMORIM Ricardo José Rocha1
1Universidade do Estado da Bahia, Brazil. 2Universidade Federal da Bahia, Brazil
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 15 December 2013
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2014
  •  Published: 14 November 2014


The main objective of this study is to identify the elements that show the influence of age and gender on entrepreneurial behavior characteristics observed in both enterprising professionals and students of Business Administration. It was based on a survey with 851 professionals registered by the Regional Board of Directors of Business Administration of Bahia and with 207 students from public and private universities in Salvador, Bahia. Our hypothesis was that the age and gender of the respondents influence their entrepreneurial profile. The results associated with a structural modeling equation indicated that gender did not show a significant relationship with entrepreneurship since the age variable explains the variability of this construct. This study, therefore, may contribute to students’ education and the updating of professional entrepreneurs since these findings indicate specific patterns of limitations and biases concerning entrepreneurship.


Key words: Age, gender, entrepreneurs, behavioral characteristics, Structural Equation Modeling.