African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4131

Full Length Research Paper

The effect of positioning in the world economic system on economic and social development: A relational approach to services

Luciano Rossoni1*, Márcio Luiz Marietto2 and Wesley Vieira da Silva3
1Universidade Positivo, Brazil. 2Faculdade de Tecnologia do Estado de São Paulo, Brazil. 3Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná, Brazil.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 May 2011
  •  Published: 30 September 2013


In this study, we aimed to evaluate how the positioning of the country in the world economic system influences economic development (per capita income) and social development (HDI). Taking exchange of services as a reference point, through social network analysis and panel data, we found that the positioning of the country in more central positions, i.e., the core and semiperiphery, and capacity for betweenness positively interfere with economic development, but not with social development. However, we did observe that those countries with greater outsourcing of services to other countries tend to enjoy greater social development.


Key words: Core-periphery, global services, social network analysis, world trade, world society, world systems.