African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4188

Full Length Research Paper

Challenges and opportunities for export trade facilitation practices in Ethiopia

Yimam Ousman Mohammed
  • Yimam Ousman Mohammed
  • Ondokuz Mayis University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Science, Department of Management,Samsun, Turkey.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 16 January 2019
  •  Accepted: 04 May 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2022


This study used quantitative and qualitative methods to examine how Ethiopia facilitates its exports. In this study, descriptive methods and primary data collection were employed. A combination of random and non-random sample methods was applied, including proportional and simple random sampling techniques. Closed-ended questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were used. Data from questionnaires were evaluated descriptively, whereas data from interviews were studied qualitatively (content-based). According to the study, Ethiopia's trade facilitation practice has a strong governance structure and cheap export-related document processing costs. Export-related information and publications are scarce. The paper-based processes are time-consuming. Lack of coordination between the business sector and trade-facilitating government entities makes export-related paperwork processing and collection complicated and time-consuming, slowing export clearance. Export rules and procedures are dynamic, intricate, and challenging to understand, making them tough to apply. Furthermore, they fail to capitalize on the country's vast potential due to a lack of knowledge, practical experience, adequate follow-up, and rent-seeking. To do this, the researcher suggests two main ways to solve the problems listed above: 1) creating an export facilitation agency and 2) creating a single-window system.


Key words: Trade facilitation, trade facilitation indicators, export.