African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4092

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of financial wellness among Malaysia workers

Narges Delafrooz1 and Laily Hj Paim2*
  1Department of Business Management (Rasht Branch), Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Guilan, Iran. 2Department of Resource Management and Consumer Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 May 2011
  •  Published: 14 October 2011



The purpose of this study was to examine determinants that influence financial wellness. The results of this study can be used for better understanding on the relationships between and among determinants of financial wellness by highlighting the relationships among demographic characteristics, financial literacy, financial behaviors, financial stress, and financial wellness. Samples were selected using multi-stage sampling technique among employees in public and private sectors. A total of 2000 completed questionnaires were analyzed using path analysis to identify direct and indirect effects on financial wellness. The findings identified that financial wellness were financial behaviors, financial stress level, financial literacy, income, gender, marital status, home ownership, and education had either a direct or indirect effect on financial wellness. Age and ethnicity were found not significantly affect the financial satisfaction.


Key words: Financial stress, financial problem, financial wellness, Malaysia workers.