African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4125

Full Length Research Paper

The Effect of Demographic Characteristics on Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Selected Teaching Hospitals in Tehran

  Mayel Afshar Mahnaz1,   Memarpour  Mehdi2,  Kandi  Mohammad Jafar 3 and Pourreza Abbolghasem4.  
  1Shahid Rajee Teaching Hospital, Iran. 2Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. 3HIM Department, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran. 4School of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 August 2013
  •  Published: 14 September 2013

Abstract

 

Organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is one of the most important issues that recently have gained special attention in studying organizations including hospitals. Recent studies show that employees demonstrate special interest in OCB and it can be influenced by their demographic characteristics. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between OCB and demographic characteristics (including sex, marital status, academic qualification, type of profession, age, salary and wages, ethnicity, type of employment, department/office, job position, and duration of employment,) in the selected Tehran's hospitals. The study was descriptive cross-sectional. The sample includes 333 employees of the selected hospitals chosen based on multistage sampling. Hypothesis was tested through Mann-Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests and one-way ANOVA. The results showed that, all demographic characteristics, except ethnicity, had significant effect on OCB. The relationship between demographic characteristics and OCB was analyzed and specific managerial strategies and implications were suggested.

 

Key words: Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB), Tehran hospitals, demographic characteristics.