African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4165

Full Length Research Paper

Monetary anchor for East Asia: Japan or United States?

  Chee-Heong Quah1*, Patrick M. Crowley2 and Mohd. Nazari Ismail1  
  1Faculty of Business and Accountancy, University of Malaya, Malaysia. 2College of Business, Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi, 6300 Ocean Drive, Corpus Christi, TX, USA.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 April 2010
  •  Published: 30 June 2010



In this paper we apply the optimum currency area (OCA) criteria to assess the suitability of whether the United States or Japan would best serve as monetary anchor country for East Asian countries. The criteria used are trade openness, business cycle synchronisation, exchange rate volatility, inflation convergence, and interest rate cycle synchronisation. The ‘performance’ of these two potential monetary anchor countries is compared for three different economic periods: the pre-crisis, the crisis, and the post-crisis period. Based on ratings of 16 countries in the region, results suggest that the United States might be the more fitting candidate to be the anchor country.


Key words: Optimum currency area, Asia, monetary union, business cycle, Japan, anchor currency.