African Journal of
Business Management

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Bus. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1993-8233
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJBM
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 4135

Full Length Research Paper

CSR, sustainability and the fate of oil communities in the Niger Delta, Nigeria

Enuoh Rebecca Oliver*
  • Enuoh Rebecca Oliver*
  • Faculty of Management and Law, University of Bradford, West Yorkshire, UK.
  • Google Scholar
Iheanacho Joan M.
  • Iheanacho Joan M.
  • Department of Business Management, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Ekpenyong E. Obo
  • Ekpenyong E. Obo
  • Department of Business Management, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 27 July 2016
  •  Accepted: 18 August 2016
  •  Published: 14 September 2016


Adam G, Schvaneveldt J (1991). Understanding research methods. New York: Longman.


Adeyanju OD (2012). An assessment of the impact of corporate social responsibility on Nigerian society: The examples of banking and communication industries.


Afinotan L, Ojakorotu V (2009). The Niger Delta crisis: Issues, challenges and prospects. African journal of political science and international relations, 3 (5):191-198.


Aghalino S (2009). Corporate response to environmentaldeterioration in the oil-bearing area of the Niger Delta,Nigeria, 1984-2000. J. sustain. Dev. Afr. 11(2):281-294.


Bazeley P (2013). Qualitative data analysis: practical strategies. London: Sage.


Bryman A (2006). Quantity and quality in social research. London: Routledge.


Cantrell J, Kyriazis E, Noble G (2015). Developing CSR Giving as a Dynamic Capability for Salient Stakeholder Management. J. Bus. Ethics 130(2):403-421.


Commission Delta Development Commission (NDDC). (2004). Niger Delta Regional Development Master Plan: Draft 3. Directorate of Planning. Port Harcourt: NDDC.


Creswell J (2003). Research design: qualitative and mixed methods approach. London: Sage.


Ejumudo K, Edo Z, Avweromre L, Sagay J (2012). Environmental issues and corporate social responsibility(CSR) in Nigeria Niger Delta region: the need for a pragmatic approach. J. Soc. Sci. Public Policy, 4:1-21.


Elkington J (1997). Cannibals with forks: the triple bottom line of 21st-century business. Oxford: Capstone.


Emeseh E (2009). Social responsibility in practice in the oil-producing Niger Delta: Assessing corporations and government actions. J. Sustain. Dev. Afr. 11(2):113-125.


Frey J, Oishi S (2003). How to conduct interview by telephone and in person. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Frynas JG (2005). The false developmental promise of Corporate Social Responsibility: evidence from multinational oil companies. International Affairs, 81(3):581-598.


George OJ, Kuye OL, Onokala UC (2012). Corporate Social Irresponsibility (CSI) a Catalyst to the Niger Delta Crisis: The Case of Gray D (2009). Doing research in the real world. London: Sage.


Idemudia U (2007). Community Perceptions and Expectations: Reinventing the Wheels of Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in the Nigerian Oil Industry. Bus. Soc. Rev. 112(3):369-405.


Idemudia U (2009). Oil Extraction and Poverty Reduction in the Niger Delta: A Critical Examination of Partnership Initiatives. J. Bus. Ethics, 90:91-116.


Idemudia U, Ite UE (2006). Corporate-community relation in Nigeria's oil industry: Challenges and imperative. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management. 13:194-206. doi:10./002/csr./01.


Inyang BJ, Awa HO, Enuoh RO (2011). CSR – HRM nexus: defining the role engagement of human resources professional. Int. J. Bus. Soc. Sci. 2(5):118 -126.


Kvale S (2007). Doing interviews. London: Sage.


Kvale S, Brinkmann S (2009). Interviews -learning the craft of qualitative research interviewing. London: Sage.


Li S, Okoroafor S, Gammoh B (2014). The role of sustainability orientation in outsourcing: Antecedents, practices, and outcomes. J. Manage. Sustain. 4(3):27-36.


Millar C, Hind P, Magala S (2012). Sustainability and the need for change: Organizational change and transformation vision. J. Org. Change 25(4):489 -500.


Nigerian Oil Multinational Companies versus the Militants of Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. J. Manage. Res. 4(2):205-215.


Orogun PS (2010). Resource control, revenue allocation and petroleum politics in Nigeria: the Niger Delta question. GeoJournal, 75(5):459-507.


Pisarski AE (2010). In search of sustainability. Institute of transportation engineers. ITE Journal; Proquest Business Collection, pp. 52-56.


Robson C (2011). Real world research. Southern Gate: Wiley.


Rolland D, Bazzoni JOK (2009). Greening corporate identity: CSR online corporate identity reporting. Corporate communication. An International J. 14(3):249-263.


Saunders M, Lewis P, Thornhill A (2009). Research methods for business students. London: Prentice Hall.


Schneider L, Wallenburg CM, Fabel S (2014) Implementing sustainability on a corporate and functional level. Key contingencies that influence the required coordination. Int. J. Phys. Distrib. Logist. 44(6):465-493.


Seuring S, Muller M (2008). From a literature review to a conceptual framework for sustainable supply chain management. J. Cleaner Production 165(5):1699-1710.


Sharma JP, Khanna S (2014). Corporate social responsibility, corporate governance and sustainability: Synergies and inter-relationships. J. Corp. Gov. 7(11):14-38.


Simionescu LN (2015). The relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and sustainable development (sd). Int. Audit. Risk Manage. 10(2):179-190.


Smith PAC, Sharicz C (2011). The shift needed for sustainability. The learning organization, 18(1):73-86.


Soni S (2012). Essay on the meaning and definition of multinational company. www.preserveartices-com/2012010319.


Tegger SS (2011). Sustainability as a driver for corporate economic success. Consequences for the development of sustainability management control. Soc. Econ. 33(1):15-28.


Tullberg J (2012). Triple bottom line - a vaulting ambition? Business Ethics: A European Review 21(3):310-324.


Tuodolo F (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility: between civil society and the oil industry in the developing world. An International E-journal for critical geographies 8(3):530-541.


WBCSD (2004) WBCSD Urges Business to Invest in Sustainable Livelihood Activities. Business & the Environment with ISO 14000 Updates, 15(10):10-10.


Werther WB, Chandler D (2006). Strategic corporation social responsibility. Sage, Thousand Oaks, C. A.