African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1070

Full Length Research Paper

Chemical characterization of Kenyan Cupressus lusitanica Mill., Ocimum americanum L. and Lippia Javanica (Burm.f.) Spreng essential oils

Philip Kandgor Bett
  • Philip Kandgor Bett
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya.
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Joshua Ondura Ogendo
  • Joshua Ondura Ogendo
  • Department of Crops, Horticulture and Soils, Faculty of Agriculture, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya.
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Josphat Clement Matasyoh
  • Josphat Clement Matasyoh
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya.
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Ann Jepkorir Kiplagat
  • Ann Jepkorir Kiplagat
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Egerton University, Egerton, Kenya.
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  •  Received: 09 December 2021
  •  Accepted: 24 January 2022
  •  Published: 28 February 2022

Abstract

The study was designed to chemically characterize essential oils from Kenyan Cupressus lusitanica, Ocimum americanum and Lippia javanica and bio-prospect for new compounds as possible biocontrol agents of insect pests. Leaf essential oils of the three test plants were obtained by hydro-distillation. GC-MS analysis of leaf oils revealed that monoterpenes were the major group of chemical constituents in all plants. In C. lusitanica oil, 91 compounds were identified with α-pinene (13.8%), umbellulone (12.66%), δ- cadinene (7.47) and Limonene (6.64%) being major compounds. The O. americanum oil had 72 compounds with geraniol (18.72%), 1, 8- cineole (17.48%), elemicin (8.20%) and camphor (7.55%) being main chemical constituents. Results also in L. javanica oil, the 47 compounds identified were dominated by ipsdienone (26.07 %), ocimenone (14.32%), bicyclo [3.1.1] hept-3-en-2-one, 4,6,6-trimethyl-, (1S)-(10.91%) and myrcene (7.04%). The chemotypes of essential oils from the tested plants may be considered as α-pinene-umbellulone, geranial-1, 8-cineole and ipsdienone-ocimenone for C. lusitanica, O. americanicum and L. javanica respectively. The chemical constituents such as α-pinene, umbellulone, geraniol, 1, 8-cineole and myrcene are known to have insecticidal properties. Therefore, the essential oils have possible uses in production of natural pesticides of plant origin for sustainable management of insect pest.

 

Key words: Essential oil, Cupressus lusitanica, Ocimum americanum, Lippia javanica, botanical pesticide.