African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1068

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of a modified lifetime model on e-waste generation in Nigeria under defined reuse options

Odeyingbo O.
  • Odeyingbo O.
  • Department of Environmental Technology, Chair of Circular Economy and Recycling Technology, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany.
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Baldé C. P.
  • Baldé C. P.
  • United Nations University (UNU) / United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)– SCYCLE Programme, Vereinten Nationen 1. 53113 Bonn, Germany.
  • Google Scholar
Forti V.
  • Forti V.
  • United Nations University (UNU) / United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)– SCYCLE Programme, Vereinten Nationen 1. 53113 Bonn, Germany.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 14 December 2021
  •  Accepted: 11 February 2022
  •  Published: 30 June 2022

Abstract

Reliable data on e-waste generation is important for environmentally sound management systems. This study models e-waste generation from existing data on electrical electronics imports, consumption and e-waste generation from Nigerian households. Structured questionnaires were used to obtain information on Electrical Electronic Equipment (EEE) use, reuse, and disposal from households in Nigeria households. Data from placed on the market (POM) were obtained from United Nations University (UNU) for five EEE types (TV, DVD player, refrigerator, desktop and laptop) in Nigeria between 1995 and 2019 using the apparent consumption method. A forecast up to 2020 and backcasts to 1980 were made based on these data. The lifetime profile for these five EEEs was modeled using the Weibull distribution function characterized by a time-varying shape parameter and a scale parameter. The POM data from 1980 to 2020 and the lifetime of the selected EEE from households were analyzed and fit into the Weibull lifetime distribution functions. The differences between reuse and non-reuse options show that around 54 million units of DVD players; 106 million units of CRT TV; 22 million units of the refrigerator; 11 million units of laptops and 24 million units of desktop computers would have been delayed from transiting into e-waste stream between 1981 and 2020 through reuse options.

 

Key words: Electronic waste, electrical electronic equipment, lifetime distribution, re-use repair, recycling, Nigeria.