African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1014

Full Length Research Paper

Cost minimization and operation optimization model for strategic waste management decision plans: A case study

Faith U. Babalola
  • Faith U. Babalola
  • Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
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AbdulGaniyu O. Adelopo
  • AbdulGaniyu O. Adelopo
  • Works and Physical Planning Department, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Boluwatito M. Aiyepola
  • Boluwatito M. Aiyepola
  • Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
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Afolasade T. Nubi
  • Afolasade T. Nubi
  • Works and Physical Planning Department, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 23 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 09 February 2021
  •  Published: 28 February 2021

Abstract

The design of a sustainable waste management system is pivoted on the ability to generate and compute real-time operational data for a strategic developmental decision plan. The real-time waste data generated at the University of Lagos Campus waste management system was used to develop a mathematical model with three operational indicators, namely, Total Cost Indicator (TCI), to show the overall daily cost for managing one metric ton of mixed municipal waste in the system from collection to final disposal, Lost Revenue Indicator (LRI), to show revenue loss for each metric ton of residual waste landfilled, and Material Recovery Indicator (MRI), to show the fraction of recyclable materials recovered from collected mixed waste. All three indicators were calculated at different recyclable materials recovery efficiencies to determine the cost implication on the system’s operational parameters. The model revealed that the present municipal solid waste (MSW) system operates at a recyclables recovery efficiency rate of approximately 3% but can be increased at optimum capacity to 18%. This performance improvement will result in a cost reduction of $0.32/ton when daily sorters’ capacity, material revenue potential and result-based financing recycling operations are determined using this model as a strategic management planning tool. The model provides an adaptable framework for the development of MSW management decision plans for cities in a developing nation.

 

Key words: Material recovery, municipal solid waste, cost minimization model.