African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 981

Full Length Research Paper

Quantifying forest cover at Mount Kenya: Use of Sentinel-2 for a discrimination of tropical tree composites

Jonas Fierke
  • Jonas Fierke
  • Cartography, GIS and Remote Sensing Section, Institute of Geography, University of Goettingen, Goldschmidt Street 5, 37077 Goettingen, Germany.
  • Google Scholar
Martin Kappas
  • Martin Kappas
  • Cartography, GIS and Remote Sensing Section, Institute of Geography, University of Goettingen, Goldschmidt Street 5, 37077 Goettingen, Germany.
  • Google Scholar
Daniel Wyss
  • Daniel Wyss
  • Cartography, GIS and Remote Sensing Section, Institute of Geography, University of Goettingen, Goldschmidt Street 5, 37077 Goettingen, Germany.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 12 June 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to test ESA’s Sentinel-2 (S2) satellites (S2A and S2B) for an efficient quantification of land cover (LC) and forest compositions in a tropical environment southwest of Mount Kenya. Furthermore, outcome of the research is used to validate ESA’s S2 prototype LC 20 m map of Africa that was produced in 2016. A decision tree that is based on significant altitudinal ranges was used to discriminate four natural tree compositions that occur within the investigation area. In addition, the classification process was supported by Google Earth images, and land use (LU) data that were provided by the local Kenyan Forest Service (KFS). Final classification products include four LC classes and five subclasses of forest (four natural forest subclasses plus one non-natural forest class). Results of the Jeffries-Matusita (JM) distance test show significant differences in spectral separability between all classes. Furthermore, the study identifies spectral signatures and significant wavelengths for a classification of all LC classes and forest subclasses where wavelengths of SWIR and the red-edge domain show highest importance for the discrimination of tree compositions. Finally, considerable differences can be seen between the utilized multi-temporal classification set (total of 39 bands from three acquisition dates) and ESA’s S2 prototype LC 20 m map of Africa 2016. A visual comparison of ESA’s prototype map within the investigation area indicates an overrepresentation of tree cover areas (as confirmed in previous studies) and also an underrepresentation of water.

 

Key words: Tropical tree composites, Mt. Kenya, Sentinel-2, ESA S2 LC 20 m map of Africa.