African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1095


Importance of soil physical characteristics for petroleum hydrocarbons phytoremediation: A review

Mohammad Ali Hajabbasi
  • Mohammad Ali Hajabbasi
  • Soil Science Department, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 84156-83111- Iran.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 09 July 2016
  •  Accepted: 22 August 2016
  •  Published: 30 November 2016


Petroleum and petrochemical hydrocarbons for some places are serious sources of environmental pollutants. To remediate these contaminants, phytoremediation, a relatively low cost and an environmental friendly technique is recommended more widely, now more than ever. Successful and effective applying of hydrocarbons phytoremediation depends mainly on the soil and plant types and conditions and microbial activities and the interactions between these three factors. Although for the last several decades, various plant and organism’s species for the phytoremediation processes have been extensively studied, evaluating and characterizing soil properties, as an important objective for sustainable remediation and land use management, which had negligible considerations. An ideal soil for phytoremediation should have proper physical, chemical and biological characteristics to let the plant grow well and produce biomass as high as possible. It also should provide favorable conditions for microbial activities to perform efficient remediation. Soil physical characteristics such as texture, structure, water status and aeration are important factors affecting the microbial activities and consequently the degree of remediation potential. A better understanding of soil physical properties in conjunction with proper soil-plant-microbe management could be exploited to enhance the remediation of hydrocarbon contaminated soils and thus sustainable healthy environment.


Key words: Phytoremediation, petroleum, hydrocarbon.