African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1126


Climate change and community conflicts in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review of the evidence

Aly Dramé
  • Aly Dramé
  • Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) Fellow, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, United States.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 07 February 2024
  •  Accepted: 23 February 2024
  •  Published: 31 March 2024


This paper delves into the link between climate and conflict in Africa, drawing insights from climate science, political ecology, and peace studies, and it emphasizes the need for integrated climate adaptation and peacebuilding policies, rooted in inclusive governance, social justice, and community-based approaches aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals. Quantitative data analysis supports associations between climate variables and conflict incidence, while case studies in the Sahel, Horn of Africa, and Lake Chad Basin demonstrate climate influences on communal violence. Further research into root causes is needed to inform structural solutions.


Key words: Climate change, conflict, Sub-Saharan Africa, evidence review, climate adaptation, peacebuilding policies.