African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 948

Full Length Research Paper

Design, realization of a fixed bed downdraft gasifier and conduction of preliminary gasification tests with balanites aegyptiaca hulls, rice husk and charcoal

Ibrahim Harouna Gado
  • Ibrahim Harouna Gado
  • Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Dan Dicko Dankoulodo de Maradi, BP: 465 MARADI, Niger.
  • Google Scholar
Oumar Sanogo
  • Oumar Sanogo
  • Institut de Recherche en Sciences Appliquées et Technologies/Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et Technologique (IRSAT /CNRST) – 03 BP 7047 Ouagadougou 03 Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Tizane Daho
  • Tizane Daho
  • Laboratoire de physique et Chimie de l’environnement – UFR/SEA – Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo – 03 BP 7043 Ouagadougou 03 Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Balarabé Issa
  • Balarabé Issa
  • Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques, Université Dan Dicko Dankoulodo de Maradi, BP: 465 MARADI, Niger.
  • Google Scholar
Pakmogda Josué
  • Pakmogda Josué
  • Laboratoire de physique et Chimie de l’environnement – UFR/SEA – Université Ouaga I Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo – 03 BP 7043 Ouagadougou 03 Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 December 2018
  •  Accepted: 10 January 2019
  •  Published: 31 March 2019

References

Anjireddy B, Sastry RC (2011). Biomass Gasification Processes in Downdraft Fixed Bed Reactors: A Review. International Journal of Chemical Engineering and Applications 2(6):425-433.

 

Brandini A (1983). Experiencias con gasificadores en el Brazil. Manualdelcurve de gasificación de la madera en Centro America y el Caribe. Olade, Costa Rica pp. 308-320.

 
 

Cao Y, Wang Y, Riley JT, Pan WP (2006). A novel biomass air gasification process for producing tar-free higher heating value fuel gas. Fuel Processing Technology 87(4):343-353.
Crossref

 
 

Harouna GI, Sanogo O, Ouiminga SK, Daho T, Koulidiati J (2018). Impact of pre-treatment by torrefaction and carbonization on temperature field, energy efficiency and tar content during the gasification of cotton stalks. Journal of Engineering and Technology Research10(2):7-18.

 
 

He PW, Luo SY, Cheng G, Xiao B, Cai L, Wang JB (2012). Gasification of biomass char with air-steam in a cyclone furnace. Renew. Energy 37:398-402.
Crossref

 
 

Henriksena U, Jesper A, Torben KJ, Benny G, Jens DB, Claus H, Lasse HS (2006). The design, construction and operation of a 75 kW two-stage gasifier. Energy 31:1542-1553.
Crossref

 
 

International Energy Agency (IEA) (2018). World Energy Balances: Overview. International Energy agency, 2018 Edition.

 
 

Kaupp A, Goss JR (1981). State-of-the- Art report for Small (to 50 kW) Gas Producer-Engine Systems. Final Report to USDA, Forest Service. Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of California.

 
 

Long H, Xiaobing L, Wang H, Jia J (2013). Biomass resources and their bioenergy potential estimation: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 26:344-352.
Crossref

 
 

Lv PM, Xiong ZH, Chang J, Wu CZ, Chen Y, Zhu JX (2004). An experimental study on biomass air–steam gasification in a fluidized bed. Bioresource technology 95:95-101.
Crossref

 
 

Milne TA, Evans RJ, Abatzoglou N (1998). Biomass Gasification ''Tars'': Their Nature, Formation and Conversion. NREL/TP-570-25357, NREL, Golden, CO, USA.
Crossref

 
 

Mukunda HS, Dasappa S, Paul PJ, Rajan NKS, ShrinivasaU (1994). Gasifiers and combustors for biomass-technology and field studies. Energy for Sustainable Development 1(3):27-38.

 
 

Pan YG, Roca X, Velo E, Puigjaner L (1999). Removal of tar by secondary air injection in FIuidized bed gasification of residual biomass and coal. Fuel 78:1703-1709.
Crossref

 
 

Reed TB, Levie B (1984). A Simplified Model of the Stratified Downdraft Gasifier, in The International Bio-Energy Directory and Handbook, edited by Paul F. Bente, Jr. The Bio-Energy Council, 1625 Eye St. NW, Suite 825A, Washington, D.C. pp. 379-389.

 
 

Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (1979). Generator Gas - The Swedish Experience from 1939-1945. Translated by the Solar Energy Research Institute, U.S.A. SERI/SP-33-140.

 
 

Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA) (2006). Document de vision et de stratégie régionale de valorisation énergétique de la biomasse pour un développement durable. La Commission, Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine, 2006.

 
 

Venselaar J (1982). Design rules for down-draught gasifiers, a short review, IT Bandung, Indonesia.