African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1070

Full Length Research Paper

Phenology and mechanisms of the early upwelling formation in the southern coast of Senegal

Malick Wade
  • Malick Wade
  • Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Atmosphère et de l’Océan – Matériaux et Dispositifs (LSAO-MED), Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Sénégal.
  • Google Scholar
Mamadou Thiam
  • Mamadou Thiam
  • Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Atmosphère et de l’Océan – Matériaux et Dispositifs (LSAO-MED), Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Sénégal.
  • Google Scholar
Ibrahima Diba
  • Ibrahima Diba
  • Laboratoire d'Océanographie, des Sciences de l'Environnement et du Climat (LOSEC), Université Assane Seck de Ziguinchor, Sénégal.
  • Google Scholar
Bouya Diop
  • Bouya Diop
  • Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Atmosphère et de l’Océan – Matériaux et Dispositifs (LSAO-MED), Université Gaston Berger de Saint-Louis, Sénégal.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 07 October 2021
  •  Accepted: 09 December 2021
  •  Published: 31 December 2021

References

Bricaud A, Morel A, Andre JM (1987). Spatial/temporal variability of algal biomass in the mauritanian upwelling zone, as estimated from CZCS data, Advances in Space Research 7(2):53-62.
Crossref

 

Caniaux G, Giordani H, Redelsperger JL, Guichard F, Key E, Wade M (2011). Coupling between the Atlantic cold tongue and the West African monsoon in boreal spring and summer. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 116(C4):1-17.
Crossref

 

Dee DP, Uppala SM, Simmons AJ, Berrisford P, Poli P, Kobayashi S, Andrae U, Balmaseda MA, Balsamo G, Bauer DP, Bechtold P, Beljaars ACM,van de Berg L,Bidlot L, Bormann N, Delsol C, Dragani R, Fuentes M, Geer AJ, Haimberger L, Healy SB, Hersbach H, Hólm EV, saksen L, Kållberg P, Köhler M, Matricardi M, McNally AP, Monge-Sanz BM,Morcrette JJ, Park BK, Peubey C, de Rosnay P, Tavolato C, hépaut JN, Vitart F (2011). The ERA-Interim reanalysis: Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 137(656):553-597.
Crossref

 

Demarcq H, Faure V (2000). Coastal upwelling and associated retention indices derived from satellite SST. Application to Octopus vulgaris recruitment. Oceanologica Acta 23(4):391-408.
Crossref

 

Dussin RB, Barnier B, Brodeau L, Molines JM (2014). The making of Drakkar forcing set DFS5, DRAKKAR/MyOcean Report (05):10-14.

 

Faye S, Lazar A, Sow BA, Gaye AT (2015). A model study of the seasonality of sea surface temperature and circulation in the Atlantic North-eastern Tropical Upwelling System. Frontiers in Physics 3:76.
Crossref

 

Herbland A, Voituriez B (1974). La production primaire dans l'upwelling mauritanien en mars 1973. Cah ORSTOM sér Océanogr 12(3):187-201.

 

Hernandez O, Jouanno J, Durand F (2016). Do the Amazon and Orinoco freshwater plumes really matter for hurricane?induced ocean surface cooling? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121:2119-2141.
Crossref

 

Huntsman SA, Barber RT (1977). Primary production off north-west Africa: The relationship to wind and nutrient conditions. Deep-Sea Research 24(1):25-33.
Crossref

 

Jacox MG, Edwards CA, Hazen EL, Bograd SJ (2018). Coastal upwelling revisited: ekman, bakun, and improved upwelling indices for the U.S. West Coast. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 123(10):7332-7350.
Crossref

 

Large WG, Yeager S (2009). The global climatology of an interannually varying air-sea data set. Climate Dynamics 33(2-3):341-364.
Crossref

 

Lathuilière C (2008). Echanges côte-large et propriétés biogéochimiques dans les regions d'upwelling de bord Est. Theses, Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI.

 

Levitus S, Conkright ME, O'Brien T, Boyer TP,Stephens C, Johnson D, Baranova O, Antonov J, Gelfeld R, Rochester J, Forgy C (1998). World Ocean Database. Introduction, vol. 1. U.S. Govt. Print. Off, Washington, DC. 346 p.

 

Madec G (2014). ''NEMO ocean engine'' (Draft edition r5171), Note du Pole de modélisation 27, Inst. Pierre-Simon Laplace, France, ISSN No. 1288-1619.

 

Madec G (2008). NEMO ocean engine. Note from the Pole of Modeling, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace (IPSL), France, No 27, ISSN No (1288-1619):31-39.

 

Madec G, Delecluse P, Imbard M, Levy C (1998). OPA8. 1 ocean general circulation model reference manual. Notes du Pôle de Modélisation IPSL, Pierre Simon Laplace, Paris.

 

Marin F, Caniaux G, Bourlès B, Giordani H, Gouriou Y, Key E (2009). Why were sea surface temperatures so different in the Eastern Equatorial Atlantic in june 2005 and 2006? Journal of Physical Oceanography 39(6):1416-1431.
Crossref

 

Merem EC, Twumasi Y, Wesley J, Alsarari M, Fageir S, Crisler M, Romorno C, Olagbegi D, Hines A, Ochai GS, Nwagboso E, Leggett S, Foster D, Purry V, Washington J (2019). Analyzing the Tragedy of Illegal Fishing on the West African Coastal Region. International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering 9(1):1-15.
Crossref

 

Ndoye S, Capet X, Estrade P, Sow B, Dagorne D, Lazar A, Gaye A, Brehmer P (2014). SST patterns and dynamics of the southern Senegal-Gambia upwelling center. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119(12):8315-8335.
Crossref

 

Polo I, Lazar A, Rodriguez-Fonseca B, Arnault S (2008). Oceanic Kelvin waves and tropical Atlantic intraseasonal variability. 1: Kelvin wave characterization. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 113(C7):1-18.
Crossref

 

Rebert JP (1978). Variability of Surface Conditions in the West African Upwelling, in Symp. Canary Current: Upwelling and Living Matter (No. 100).

 

Roy C (1989). Fluctuations of winds and upwelling variability off the coast ofSenegal, Oceanologica Acta 12(4):361-369.

 

Teisson C (1983). Le phénomène d'upwelling le long des côtes du Sénégal: caractéristiques physiques et modélisation. Doc CRODT-ISRA (123)

 

Van Camp L, Nykjaer L, Mittelstaedt E, Schlittenhardt P (1991). Upwelling and boundary circulation off northwest Africa as depicted by infrared and visible satellite observations. Progress in Oceanography 26(4):357-402.
Crossref