African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 952

Full Length Research Paper

Impacts of soil and water conservation practices on livelihood: The case of watershed in Gambela region, Ethiopia

Gatbel Chot
  • Gatbel Chot
  • Department of Natural Resources Management, College of Agricultural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Awdenegest Moges
  • Awdenegest Moges
  • School of Biosystems and Environmental Engineering, Hawassa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Amanuel Shewa
  • Amanuel Shewa
  • Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, College of Agricultural Sciences, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 22 December 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 January 2019
  •  Published: 30 June 2019


Adimassu Z (2012). Effect of soil bunds on runoff, soil and nutrient losses and crop yield in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Resource Management Papers No.76., Wageningen,the Netherlands.


Baptista I, Fleskens L, Ritsema C, Querido A, Tavares J, Ferreira A, Reis E, Gomes S, Varela A (2015). Soil and Water Conservation Strategies in Cape Verde (Cabo Verde in Portuguese) and Their Impacts on Livelihoods:An Overview from the Ribeira Seca Watershed. Land 4(1):22-44.


Boyd C, Turton C, Hatibu N, Mahoo HF, Lazaro E, Rwehumbiza FB, Okubal P, Makumbi M (2000). The contribution of soil and water conservation to sustainable livelihoods in semi-arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa. The contribution of soil and water conservation to sustainable livelihoods in semi-arid areas of sub-Saharan Africa (102).


Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2007). Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, Administrative Report. Addis Ababa: CSA.


Demelash M Stahr K (2010). Assessment of integrated soil and water conservation measures on key soil properties in South Gonder, North-Western Highlands of Ethiopia. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management 1(7):164-176.


Gebregziabher G, Abera DA, Gebresamuel G, Giordano M, Langan S (2016). An Assessment of Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI). 28 p. (IWMI Working Paper 170).


Growth and Transformation Plan (GTPII) (2016). Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Growth and Transformation Plan. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: National Planning Commission.


Hadush M (2015). The Role of Community Based Watershed Management for Rural Livelihood in Wereda Adwa, Central Tigray Zone. International Journal of Weather, Climate Change and Conservation Research 2(1):22-46.


Hailu W (2017). Impact of Physical Soil and Water Conservation Structure on Selected Soil Physicochemical Properties in Gondar Zuriya Woreda. Resources and Environment 7(2):40-48.


Hishe S, Lyimo J, Bewket W (2017). Soil and water conservation effects on soil properties in the Middle Silluh Valley,northern Ethiopia. International Soi land WaterConservation Research 5:231-240.


Hurni H, Berhe WA, Chadhokar P, Daniel D, Gete Z, Grunder M, Kassaye G (2016). Soil and Water Conservation in Ethiopia: Guidelines for Development Agents. Second revised edition. Bern, Switzerland: Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern; with Bern Open Publishing (BOP).


Kassie M, Köhlin G, Bluffstone R, Holden S (2011). Are soil conservation technologies ''win-win?'' A case study of Anjeni in the northwestern Ethiopian highlands. Natural Resources Forum 35(2):89-99.


Kebede W, Mesele N (2014). Farmers' Adoption of Soil and Water Conservation Technology: A Case Study of The Bokole and Toni Sub-Watersheds, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Science and Development 2:1.


Kothari CR (2004). Research Methodolgy: methods and techniques. New Delhi, India: New Age International.


Lakew D, Volli C, Asrat W, Yitayew A (2005). Community-based Participatory Watershed Development:A Guideline. (1st ed.). Addis Ababa: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.


Menale K, Jean P (2007). Impact of Soil Conservation on Crop Production in the Northern Ethiopian Highlands. International Food Policy Research Institute.


Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) (2013). Sustainable Land Management Projectphase - II. Final Social Assessment Report. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Rural Income Generating Activities (RIGA) (2015). Components of Income Aggregate: "2011-12 Ethiopian Rural Socioeconomic Survey, Prepared for the Rural Income Generating Activities (RIGA) Project, of the Agricultural Development Economics Division, Food and Agriculture Organization. FAO.


Sawyer N (2013). Agricultural production in Ethiopia: Results of the 2012 ATA Baseline Survey. International Food Policy Research Institute, Research for Ethiopia Agriculture Policy (REAP), Washington, DC.


Teshome A (2013). Financial Viability of Soil and Water conservation Technologies in North western Ethiopian highlands. Applied Geography P 37.


Tugizimana J (2015). Effects of soil and water conservation techniques on soil productivity and bean grain yield in Nyamasheke District, Rwanda. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science (Land and Water Management) in the School of Agriculture and Enterprise Development, Kenyatta University.


United Nation Development Program (UNDP) (2016). Agricultural Growth and Transformation:Strengthening National Capacity through Sustainable Increases in Agricultural Production and Productivity.


United State Agency for International Development (USAID) (2009). Gambella, Coffee, Honey and Cereal (GCH) LZ. Gambella Region, Ethiopia.


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Yenealem K, Fekadu B, Jema H, Belaineh L (2013). Impact of Integrated Soil and Water Conservation Program on Crop Production and Income in West Harerghe Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis 1(4):111-120.


Yitayal A, Adam B (2014). The Impact of Soil and Water Conservation Program on the Income and Productivity of Farm Households in Adama District, Ethiopia Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal 3(3):198-203.