African Journal of
Environmental Science and Technology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0786
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJEST
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 1037

Review

A comparative study of faecal sludge management in Malawi and Zambia: Status, challenges and opportunities in pit latrine emptying

Rochelle Holm
  • Rochelle Holm
  • Mzuzu University, Private Bag 201, Mzuzu 2, Malawi.
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James Madalitso Tembo
  • James Madalitso Tembo
  • University of Zambia, Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia.
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Bernard Thole
  • Bernard Thole
  • University of Malawi, Polytechnic, Private Bag 303, Blantyre 3, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 17 July 2015
  •  Accepted: 21 September 2015
  •  Published: 30 November 2015

How to cite this article

APA /
Holm, R., Tembo, J. M., & Thole, B. (2015). A comparative study of faecal sludge management in Malawi and Zambia: Status, challenges and opportunities in pit latrine emptying. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 9(11), 783-792.
Chicago /
Rochelle Holm, James Madalitso Tembo and Bernard Thole. "A comparative study of faecal sludge management in Malawi and Zambia: Status, challenges and opportunities in pit latrine emptying." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 9, no. 11 (2015): 783-792.
MLA /
Rochelle Holm, James Madalitso Tembo and Bernard Thole. "A comparative study of faecal sludge management in Malawi and Zambia: Status, challenges and opportunities in pit latrine emptying." African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 9.11 (2015): 783-792.