African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 817

Full Length Research Paper

Crystalline and pasting properties of cassava starch are influenced by its molecular properties

Ephraim Nuwamanya 1,2, Yona Baguma1*, Naushad Emmambux3 and Patrick Rubaihayo2
National Crops Resources Research Institute, (NaCRRI), P. O. Box 7084, Kampala. 2Makerere University Kampala (Mak), P. O. Box 7062, Kampala. 3Department of Food Science, University of Pretoria, SA.
Email: [email protected]

  • Article Number - 85E4B6021374
  • Vol.4(1), pp. 008-015, January 2010
  •  Accepted: 16 November 2009
  •  Published: 31 January 2010

Abstract

This study was undertaken to detail starch characteristics among cassava varieties and compare them to their improved progenies. Cassava starch was extracted from roots of both the parents and progenies of two popular Ugandan local varieties (Bamunanika and Nyaraboke) and three popular elite varieties (NASE 10, TME 14 and 95/SE/00036) and their properties compared. The pasting and rheological properties showed a unique pasting curve in the progenies compared to the parents with significantly low peak viscosities among the progenies. Percentage crystallinity as determined by X-ray crystallography was on average four points higher in parents compared to progenies. There were no significant differences in the average amylose contents (17 - 20%) and starch contents (about 81%) in both the progenies and their parents. Significant relationships were observed between crystalline and pasting properties of the starch among the clones and parents. The above differences suggest possible variations in the amylopectin chain structure and starch molecular properties attributable to differences in the starch branching enzyme among the progenies and their parents.

Key words: Starch, crystallinity, pasting property, amylopectin structure.

  • Articles on Google by: