African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 816

Full Length Research Paper

Utilization and haematological changes of fish fed African star apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) seed meal

Adeosun O.
  • Adeosun O.
  • Department of Fisheries Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Adedokun, M. A.
  • Adedokun, M. A.
  • Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic Saki (TOPS), Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Ajibade, A. O.
  • Ajibade, A. O.
  • Department of Fisheries Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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Balogun, J. O.
  • Balogun, J. O.
  • Department of Fisheries Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 11 June 2019
  •  Accepted: 29 July 2019
  •  Published: 30 September 2019

Abstract

In fish farming, nutrition and haematology are critical. The former accounts for 70% production cost and the later determines an excellent health status of fish. Feeding trials were conducted in the laboratory for 12 weeks to evaluate the growth performance and haematological parameters of Clarias gariepinus fed varying levels of Chrysophyllum albidum seed meal (ASASM) as a replacement for maize in diets. The experimental diets were prepared using 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% C. albidum seed meal to replace maize. The initial weight of the test organism was 28.6 g stocked in rectangular white plastic with 3 replicates for each treatment. The fish juveniles were fed at 5% body weight. In this study, growth performance, feed utilization and haematological parameters were determined. The mean weight gain (MWG), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) were significant across the treatments following the direct relationship to inclusion levels (p<0.05). Protein efficiency ratio (PER) and total fish production were all significantly different across the diets (p<0.05). The reductions in PCV and other primary haematological variables (HB, RBC and TWBC) were significant at p<0.05 as the level of inclusion increased. The blood variables showed that the haematopoiesis of the test organism was positively influenced by ASASM; thus impairing blood production. The increase incorporation of African star apple seed meal (ASASM) was stressful to the experimental fish. There is need to further study the phytochemical factors and trials for suitable processing method to justify the targeted economic gains without compromising the health status.

 

Key word: Red blood cell, experimental diets, catfish, feed ingredients, African star apple seed meal (ASASM).