African Journal of
Food Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Food Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0794
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJFS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 924

Full Length Research Paper

Risk factors associated with retail meat vendors in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo

Rosette Kabwang
  • Rosette Kabwang
  • Laboratory of Expertise, Hygiene and Technology of Food from Animal Origin, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lubumbashi Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Mireille Kitwa
  • Mireille Kitwa
  • Laboratory of Expertise, Hygiene and Technology of Food from Animal Origin, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lubumbashi Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Pierrette Melin
  • Pierrette Melin
  • Laboratory of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Liège, Belgium.
  • Google Scholar
Georges Daube
  • Georges Daube
  • Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liège, Belgium.
  • Google Scholar
Patrick De Mol
  • Patrick De Mol
  • Laboratory of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Liège, Belgium.
  • Google Scholar
Mukeng A. Kaut
  • Mukeng A. Kaut
  • Department of Statistics, Faculty of Medicine and Public Health, the University of Kolwezi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 29 October 2019
  •  Published: 30 November 2019

References

Abdalla MA, Suliman SE, Alian YYHA, Bakhiet AO (2008). Food safety knowledge and practices of street food-vendors in Khartoum City. Sudan Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry 47(1-2):126-131.

 

Abdalla MA, Suliman SE, Bakhiet AO (2009). Food safety knowledge and practices of street food-vendors in Atabara City (Naher Elneel State Sudan). African Journal of Biotechnology 8(24):6967-6971.

 
 

Abong'o BO, Momba MN (2009). Prevalence and characterization of Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates from meat and meat products sold in Amathole District, Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. Food Microbiology 26(2):173-176.
Crossref

 
 

Adane M, Teka B, Gismu Y, Halefom G, Ademe M (2018). Food hygiene and safety measures among food handlers in street food shops and food establishments of Dessie town, Ethiopia: A community-based cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE 13(5):1-13.
Crossref

 
 

Adeyemo OK, Adeyemi IG, Awosanya EJ (2009). Cattle cruelty and risks of meat contamination at Akinyele cattle market and slaughter slab in Oyo State, Nigeria. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41(8):1715-1721
Crossref

 
 

Afolaranmi TO, Hassan Z I, Bello DA, Misari Z (2015). Knowledge and practice of food safety and hygiene among food vendors in primary schools in Jos, Plateau State, North Central Nigeria. E3 Journal of Medical Research 4(2):16-22.
Crossref

 
 

Ahmed Z, Afreen A, Hassan MU, Ahmad H, Anjum N, Waseem M (2017). Exposure of Food Safety Knowledge and Inadequate Practices among Food Vendors at Rawalpindi; the Fourth Largest City of Pakistan. Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 5(1):63-73.

 
 

Akabanda F, Hlortsi EH, Owusu-Kwarteng J (2017). Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices of institutional food-handlers in Ghana. BMC Public Health 17(1):1-9.
Crossref

 
 

Alami BA (2016). Risk factors in food street practices in developing countries: A review. Food Science and Human Wellness (5):141-148.
Crossref

 
 

Alamo-ToneladaC, Silaran FY, Bildan MCA (2018). Sanitary conditions of food vending sites and food handling practices of street food vendors: implication for food hygiene and safety from the results of the study that street foods were vended under relatively good sanitary. International Journal of Education and Research 6(3):31-34.

 
 

Amare A, Worku T, Ashagirie B, Adugna M, Getaneh A, Dagnew M (2019). Bacteriological profile, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the isolates among street vended foods and hygienic practice of vendors in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia: A cross sectional study. BMC Microbiology 19(1):1-9.
Crossref

 
 

Apanga S, Addha J, Sey DR (2014). Food Safety Knowledge and practice of Street Food Vendors in Rural Nothern Ghana. Food and Public Health 4(3):99-103.

 
 

Baluka SA, Miller AZA, Kaneene JB (2015). Hygiene practices and food contamination in managed food service facilities in Uganda. African Journal of Food Science 9(1):31-42.
Crossref

 
 

Barro N, Bello AR, Itsiembou Y, Savado A, Ouattara CAT, Nikiéma AP, De Souza C, Traoré AS (2007). Street-Vended Foods Improvement: Contamination Mechanisms and Application of Food Safety Objectives Strategy: Critical Review. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(1):1-10.
Crossref

 
 

Bereda TW, Emerie YM, Reta MA, Asfaw HS (2016). Microbiological Safety of Street Vended Foods in Jigjiga City, Eastern Ethiopia. Ethiopian journal of health sciences 26(2):161-170.
Crossref

 
 

Bloomfield SF, Scott E (1997). Cross-contamination and infection in the domestic environment and the role of chemical disinfectants. Journal of Applied Microbiology 83(1):1-9.
Crossref

 
 

Boukili M, Filali FR, Benlarabi S, Hmimou R, Soulaymani-Bencheikh R, Sefiani M (2019). Foodborne Diseases Related to the Consumption of Flesh Foods in Morocco (2010-2016). World's Veterinary Journal 9(1):8-15.

 
 

Cadirci O, Siriken B, Inat G, Kevenk TO (2010). The prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 and O157:H7 in ground beef and raw meatball by immunomagnetic separation and the detection of virulence genes using multiplex PCR. Meat Science 84(3):553-556.
Crossref

 
 

Campos AKC, Cardonha AMS, Pinheiro LBG, Ferreira NR, de Azevedo PRM, Stamford TLM (2009). Assessment of personal hygiene and practices of food handlers in municipal public schools of Natal, Brazil. Food Control 20(9):807-810.
Crossref

 
 

Carrasco E, Morales-Rueda A, Garcia-Gimeno RM (2012). Cross-contamination and recontamination by Salmonella in foods: A review. Food Research International 45(2):545-556.
Crossref

 
 

Center for Disease Control (2019). Preliminary Incidence and Trends of Infections with Pathogens Transmitted Commonly Through Food-Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, 10 U.S. Sites, 2015-2018. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 68(16):369-373.

 
 

Center for Disease Control (2013). Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives, Centre for Disease Control. Available at: 

View

 
 

Choudhury M, Mahanta LB, Goswami JS, Mazumder MD (2011). Will capacity building training interventions given to street food vendors give us safer food? A cross-sectional study from India. Food Control 22(8):1233-1239.
Crossref

 
 

Cortese RDM, Veiros MB, Feldman C, Cavalli SB (2016). Food safety and hygiene practices of vendors during the chain of street food production in Florianopolis, Brazil: A cross-sectional study. Food Control pp. 178-186. 
Crossref

 
 

Dajaan DS, Addo HO, Luke O, Eugenia A, Amshawu A, Kwasi NA (2018). Food Hygiene Awareness and Environmental Practices among Food Vendors in Basic Schools at Kintampo Township, Ghana. Food and Public Health 8(1):3-20.

 
 

Derbew G, Sahle S, Endris M (2013). Bacteriological Assessment of Some Street Vended Foods in Gondar, Ethiopia. Internet Journal of Food Safety 15(6):33-38.

 
 

Dun-dery EJ, Addo HO (2016). Food Hygiene Awareness, Processing and Practice among Street Food Vendors in Ghana. Journal of Food and Public Health 6(3):65-74.

 
 

Ehiri JE, Azubuike MC, Ubbaonu CN, Anyanwu EC, Ibe KM, Ogbonna MO (2001). Critical control points of complementary food preparation and handling in eastern Nigeria. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 79(5):423-433.

 
 

Ekka BK (2017). Food safety in street food in developing countries. Indian Journal of Research 6(2):217-219.

 
 

Galgamuwa LS, Iddawela D, Dharmaratne SD (2016). Knowledge and practices of food hygiene among food handlers in plantation sector, Sri Lanka. International Journal of Scientific Reports 2(12):304.
Crossref

 
 

Gorman R, Bloomfield S, Adley CC (2002). A study of cross-contamination of food-borne pathogens in the domestic kitchen in the Republic of Ireland. International Journal of Food Microbiology 76(1-2):143-150.
Crossref

 
 

Haileselassie M, Taddele H, Adhana K, Kalayou S (2013). Food safety knowledge and practices of abattoir and butchery shops and the microbial profile of meat in Mekelle city, Ethiopia. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine 3(5):407-412.
Crossref

 
 

Hladíková Z, Kejlová K, Sosnovcová J, Jírová D, Vavrouš A, Janoušek S, Syčová M, Špelina (2015). Microbial contamination of paper-based food contact materials with different contents of recycled fiber. Czech Journal of Food Sciences 33(4):308-312.
Crossref

 
 

Imathiu S (2017). Street vended foods: Potential for improving food and nutrition security or a risk factor for foodborne diseases in developing countries? Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science 5(2):55-65.
Crossref

 
 

Iwu AC, Uwakwe KA, Duru CB, Diwe KC, Chineke HN, Merenu IA, Oluoha UR, Madubueze UC, Ndukwu E, Ohale I (2017). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Food Hygiene among Food Vendors in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria. Occupational Diseases and Environmental Medicine 05(01):11-25.
Crossref

 
 

Kariuki EN, Ng'ang'a ZW, Wanzala P (2017). Bacteriological Contamination of Street Foods Among Street Food Vendors In Githurai And Gikomba Markets- Nairobi County. International Journal of Innovative Research and Advanced Studies 4(1):337-346.
Crossref

 
 

Khadka S, Adhikari S, Rai T, Ghimire U, Parajuli A (2018). Bacterial contamination and risk factors associated with street vended Panipuri sold in Bharatpur, Nepal. International Journal of Food Research 5(3):32-38.

 
 

Khairuzzaman M, Chowdhury FM, Zaman S, Mamun AA, Bari MdL (2014). Food safety challenges towards safe, healthy, and nutritious street foods in Bangladesh. International Journal of Food Science. Available at: 

View
Crossref

 
 

King LK, Awumbila B, Canacoo EA, Ofosu-Amaah S (2000). An assessment of the safety of street foods in the Ga district, of Ghana; implications for the spread of zoonoses. Acta Tropica 76(1):39-43.
Crossref

 
 

Lamin- Boima PT (2017). Knowledge, Attitude And Practice Of Street Food Vendors In Selected Schools Within Bo City Southern Sierra Leone. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research 6(12):254-272.

 
 

Lee HK, Halim HA, Thong KL, Chai LC (2017). Assessment of food safety knowledge, attitude, self-reported practices, and microbiological hand hygiene of food handlers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(55).
Crossref

 
 

Ma L, Chen H, Yan H, Wu L, Zhang W (2019). Food safety knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour of street food vendors and consumers in Handan, a third-tier city in China. BMC Public Health 19(1):1-13.
Crossref

 
 

Mafu AA, Plumety C, Deschênes L, Goulet J (2011). Adhesion of pathogenic bacteria to food contact surfaces: Influence of pH of culture. International Journal of Microbiology. 
Crossref

 
 

Malavi DN, Abong' GO, Muzhingi T (2017). Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Orange-Fleshed Sweet potato Puree handlers in Kenya. pp. 54-63.

 
 

Martins JH (2006). Socio-economic and hygiene features of street food vending in Gauteng. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition 19(1):18-25.
Crossref

 
 

Mathenge JM, Gicheru MM, Okemo PO, Ng'ang'a PM, Mbaria JM (2017). Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices among food handlers working in meat selling establishments in the City of Nairobi. The East and Central Africa Medical Journal 3(1):14-20.
Crossref

 
 

Meleko A, Henok A, Tefera W, Lamaro T (2015). Assessment of the Sanitary Conditions of Catering Establishments and Food Safety Knowledge and Practices of Food Handlers in Addis Ababa University Students' Cafeteria. Science Journal of Public Health 3(5):733-743.
Crossref

 
 

Mercier S, Villeneuve S, Mondor M, Uysal I (2017). Time-Temperature Management Along the Food Cold Chain: A Review of Recent Developments. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 16(4):647-667.
Crossref

 
 

Minh NP (2017). Food safety knowledge and hygiene practice of street vendors in Mekong river delta region. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research 12(24):15292-15297.

 
 

Muyanja C, Nayiga L, Brenda N, Nasinyama G (2011). Practices, knowledge and risk factors of street food vendors in Uganda. Food Control 22(10):1551-1558.
Crossref

 
 

Novoslavskij A, Terentjeva M, Eizenberga I, Valciņa O, Bartkevičs V, BÄ“rziņš A (2016). Major foodborne pathogens in fish and fish products: a review. Annals of Microbiology 66(1):1-5.
Crossref

 
 

Ohin BM, Adéoti K, Kouhoundé SS, Pacôme A, Noumavo PA, Ogoua SM, Wabi N, Faïnou MC, Baba-Moussa L, Toukourou F, Baba-Moussa F (2018). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Hygienic Practices of Boiled Hypocotyls (Borassus aethiopum Mart) Vended in the Streets of Cotonou City and Its Outskirts, Benin. BioMed Research International. 
Crossref

 
 

Ologhobo AD, Omojola AB, Ofongo ST, Moiforay S, Jibir M (2010). Safety street vended meat products-chicken and beef suya. African Journal of Biotechnology 9(26):4091-4095.

 
 

Omemu AM, Aderoju ST (2008). Food safety knowledge and practices of street food vendors in the city of Abeokuta, Nigeria. Food Control 19:396-402.
Crossref

 
 

Osimani A, Aquilanti L, Pasquini M, Clementi F (2017). Prevalence and risk factors for thermotolerant species of Campylobacter in poultry meat at retail in Europe. Poultry Science 96(9):3382-3391.
Crossref

 
 

Patrignani F, Siroli L, Gardini F, Lanciotti R (2016). Contribution of two different packaging material to microbial contamination of peaches: Implications in their microbiological quality. Frontiers in Microbiology 7(6):1-13.
Crossref

 
 

Rahman Md M, Arif MT, Bakar K, Tambi ZBT (2012). Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and hygiene Practices among the Street food vendors in northern Kuching City, Sarawak. Borneo Science 31:107-116.

 
 

Rane S (2011). Street vended food in developing world: hazard analyses. Indian Journal of Microbiology 51(1):100-106.
Crossref

 
 

Reddi SGDNL, Kumar RN, Balakrishna N, Sudershan RV (2015). Microbiological quality of street vended fruit juices in Hyderabad, India and their association between food safety knowledge and practices of fruit juice vendors. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 4(1):70-982.

 
 

Redzwan HK (2016). Understanding Challenges Faced By Street Food Vendors to Maintain Street Food Hygiene in Dhaka City. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 4(4):78-85.
Crossref

 
 

Rouger A, Tresse O, Zagorec M (2017). Bacterial Contaminants of Poultry Meat: Sources, Species, and Dynamics. Microorganisms 5(3):50.
Crossref

 
 

Sapamundo S, Climat R, Xhaferi R, Devlieghere F (2015). Food safety knowledge, attitudes and practices of street food vendors and consumers in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. Food Control pp. 457-466.
Crossref

 
 

Shafini AB, Son, R, Mahyudin NA, Rukayadi Y, Tuan Zainazor TC (2017). Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in chicken and beef from retail outlets in Malaysia. International Food Research Journal 24(1):437-449.

 
 

Shaltot F, El-Shater M, Abd El-Aziz W (2015). Bacteriological assessment of Street Vended Meat Products sandwiches in kalyobia Governorate. Benha Veterinary Medical Journal 28(2):58-66.
Crossref

 
 

Shilenge LB, Shale K, Matodzi T, Machete F, Tshelane C (2016). A review of microbial hazards associated with meat processing in butcheries. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development 9(1):1-6.
Crossref

 
 

Stratev D, Odeyemi OA, Pavlov A, Kyuchukova R, Fatehi F, Bamidele FA (2017). Food safety knowledge and hygiene practices among veterinary medicine students at Trakia University, Bulgaria. Journal of Infection and Public Health 10(6):778-782.
Crossref

 
 

Tafesse F, Gulelat Desse F, Ketema Bacha K, Haile Alemayehu H (2014). Microbiological quality and safety of street vended raw meat in Jijiga town of Somali Regional State, southeast Ethiopia. African Journal of Microbiology Research 8(48):3867-3874.

 
 

Taulo S, Wetlesen A, Abrahamsen R, Kululanga G, Mkakosya R, Grimason A (2008). Microbiological hazard identification and exposure assessment of food prepared and served in rural households of Lungwena, Malawi. International Journal of Food Microbiology 125(2):111-116.
Crossref

 
 

Tesfaye M (2018). Bacteriological Quality of Street Vended Ready to Eat Legume and Vegetable Based Foods in Bahir Dar Town, Amhara Regional State, North Western Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 9(1): 55-68.

 
 

Vollaard AM, Ali S, Van Asten HAGH, Ismid IS, Widjaja S, Visser LG, Surjadi Ch, Van Dissel JT (2004). Risk factors for transmission of foodborne illness in restaurants and street vendors in Jakarta, Indonesia. Epidemiology and Infection 132(5):863-872.
Crossref

 
 

Weam B, Abrahamb M, Doiphodeb S, Petersa K, Ibrahimb E, Sultanc A, Mohammed HO (2016). Foodborne Bacterial Pathogens Associated with the Risk of Gastroenteritis in the State of Qatar. International Journal of Health Sciences 10(2):185-195.
Crossref

 
 

World Health Organization (WHO) (‎2008)‎. Foodborne disease outbreaks: guidelines for investigation and control. World Health Organization. Available at: 

View

 
 

World Health Organization (WHO) (2015). WHO estimates of the global burden of foodborne diseases. Foodborne disease burden epidemiology reference group 2007-2015. World Health Organization 46(3):1-15.

 
 

Zeeshan M, Shah H, Durrani Y, Ayub M, Jan Z, Shah M (2017). A Questionnaire-Based Survey on Food Safety Knowledge during Food-Handling and Food Preparation Practices among University Students. Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics 03(02):1-8.
Crossref