African Journal of
Health Sciences and Technology

FACULTY OF HEALTH SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY, COLLEGE OF MEDICINE, UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Health Sci. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2805-4202
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJHST
  • Start Year: 2019
  • Published Articles: 26

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of Adiposity Indices among Female Staff in University of Nigeria Primary School Enugu Campus

Antoninius Obinna EZEUKWU, Afamefuna Victor EGWUONWU, Jenevive Nene JOHN, Ezinne Ekediegwu, Ukamaka Gloria Mgbeojedo, Echezona Nelson Dominic EKECHUKWU
1Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria 2Department of Medical Rehabilitation, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Nigeria  
Email: [email protected]

  • Article Number - 7D7F2C368604
  • Vol.1(2), pp. 37-45 , December 2019
  •  Received: 02 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 02 November 2019
  •  Published: 31 December 2019

Abstract

A central fat pattern has adverse health implications in both children and adult. Because adiposity tracks from childhood into adulthood, the ability of simple anthropometric techniques to correctly measure truncal adiposity in adulthood needs to be assessed. This study assessed the adiposity indices among female staff of University of Nigeria Primary School Enugu Campus. A total number of forty nine (49) female staff who worked in University of Nigeria primary school participated in this study. Participants were selected using convenient sampling technique. Waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist circumference-height ratio (WCHR), percentage body fat (%BF), lean body mass (LBM), body adiposity index (BAI), free fat mass index (FFMI) and body mass index (BMI) were assessed using standard procedures. Data obtained was analyzed descriptively and with the use of Chi-Square at α=0.05. A total of 49 female staff participated in the study. Greater percentages (69.4%) of the female staff were above 41 years.  Majority of the participants were married and with children (77.6%), and had a Bachelor degree (53.1%). Most of the participants had a WHR>0.85 (85.7%), had %BF>32% (35.1%), and LBM<60% (73.5%). Majority of the participants had BAI between 35-40% (36.7%), had FFMI between 19-24 (44.9%) and had BMI>30 (49.0%). There was a significant correlation between age and each of WHR (X2=7.885, p=0.048) and BMI (p=0.003). There was no significant association between age and each of WCHR (X2=2.246, p=0.523), %BF (X2=16.474, p=0.058), LBM (X2=0.326, p=0.798), BAI (X2 =9.128, p=0.955) and FFMI (X2=11.781, p=0.067). Body adiposity is high among female Staff of University of Nigeria Primary School and is associated significantly with age, BMI and WHR. The various indices are consistent in indicating the level adiposity among the participants.
 
Key words: Primary School Teachers, Adiposity Indices, Anthropometry, Nigeria