African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5059

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the hand hygiene status of internally displaced persons in Jos and environs, Nigeria

John O. Egbere
  • John O. Egbere
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Collins E. Odu
  • Collins E. Odu
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
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Anayochukwu C. Ngene
  • Anayochukwu C. Ngene
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Margaret M. A. Danladi
  • Margaret M. A. Danladi
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Plateau State University, Bokkos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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Chinedu G. Ohaegbu
  • Chinedu G. Ohaegbu
  • Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria.
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Philomena D. Ayika
  • Philomena D. Ayika
  • Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Plateau State University, Bokkos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 22 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 25 August 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

Abstract

Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are often predisposed to infectious diseases because of the temporary nature of their abode which usually does not have adequate water and hygiene facilities. A hundred (100) samples of hand-washed water taken under aseptic conditions from the hands of the IDPs prior to the emergence of COVID-19 were analyzed using standard bacteriological procedures to determine the total plate and coliform counts, identify the bacterial isolates, and to determine their sensitivity to an array of commonly used antibiotics. Structured questionnaires were also administered to IDPs in order to determine their knowledge, practice, and compliance to hand washing. The results of the study showed the mean total plate count and coliform count of the subjects to be 2.71 × 105 cfu/ml and 2.78 × 105 cfu/ml for House of Recabs and 2.90 × 105 cfu/ml and 2.54 ×105 for Stefanos Foundation respectively. The percentage frequency of Occurrence (in brackets) of the bacterial isolates were that Streptococcus faecalis (21%), Staphylococcus aureus (31%) Escherichia coli (32%), Salmonella spp (32%) Pseudomonas aeruginosa (40%), and Proteus sp (61.1%) was the most resistant organism to the antibiotics followed by P. aeruginosa (49.3%). The highly sensitive organisms were S. aureus (63.9%) and S. faecalis (56.7%) respectively. The results of the questionnaire survey showed that the hand washing compliance score of the IDPs was generally poor (34.00%) with House of Recabs having a slightly higher score (35.60%) than Stefanos Foundation (32.40%) respectively. Awareness drive and provision of hand washing facilities in the IDP camps should be provided to promote hand hygiene are hereby recommended.

 

Key words: Hand washing, antibiotic susceptibility, internally displaced person, hygiene, infectious diseases.