African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5182

Full Length Research Paper

Escherichia coli O157, Staphylococcus aureus and coliforms in crude and processed bovine milk marketed

Santos M. L.
  • Santos M. L.
  • Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Barros L. S. S.
  • Barros L. S. S.
  • Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Silva I. M. M.
  • Silva I. M. M.
  • Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Andrade M. V.
  • Andrade M. V.
  • Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Lima D. V.
  • Lima D. V.
  • Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 03 October 2016
  •  Accepted: 02 November 2016
  •  Published: 07 December 2016

Abstract

Fifty-five (55) samples from five municipalities in the Recôncavo from Bahia region were analyzed between May and July 2015 to evaluate the sanitary quality and the presence of pathogens of crude and processed bovine milk samples. Psichrotrophic, mesophilic and thermophile rates and the count of Escherichia coli, E. coli O157: H7 Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes were done by microbiological methods rapid detection. There was a greater contamination and presence of pathogens in the raw milk when compared to processed milk. However, total coliforms were detected in 14.28%, E. coli in 7.14% and E. coli O157: H7 in 2.04% of processed milk. The enforcement by authorities against the illegal sale of raw milk and the monitoring of steps in milk production up to marketing should be mandatory.

Key words: Sanitary conditions, dairy industry, food safety.