Due to the erratic nature of microbial contaminants in drinking water, private and municipality water supply systems failed to deliver safe drinking water to households. In Ethiopia, there is lack of data and knowledge on the effectiveness of filter devices used to treat drinking water at household. This study aims to evaluate efficiency of household point of use filter devices (membrane filter, membrane with activated carbon, ceramic candle type filter and hybrid (multistage)) in reducing bacterial contaminants from drinking water. Percent reduction efficiency model was employed in evaluating bacterial removal efficiency. Membrane filter and membrane with activated carbon filter devices had good total coliform removal efficiency on the 1st and 2nd days than hybrid filter device which showed low removal efficiency. Similarly, all filter devices showed better fecal coliform removal efficiency on the 1st day compared to 2nd day but had low heterotrophic bacteria removal efficiency during the three days filtration. Fecal Streptococcus removal efficiency on the 2nd and 3rd days by all filter devices was low except the first day. The result in general showed that using of point of use filter devices for prolonged time could not guarantee in providing risk free drinking water at household level.
Key words: Coliform, drinking water, household filters, point of use, removal efficiency.
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