African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5233


Antimicrobial activities and phytochemical composition of extracts of Ficus species: An over view

  Mohamed Z. M. Salem1, A. Z. M. Salem 2*, L. M. Camacho3 and Hayssam M. Ali4,5
  1Forestry and Wood Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture (EL-Shatby), Alexandria University, Egypt. 2Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, México. 3Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero, Carretera Altamirano – Iguala Km 3 CP 40660 Cd. Altamirano, Guerrero, México. 4Botany and Microbiology Department, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. 5Timber Trees Research Department, Sabahia Horticulture Research Station, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Alexandria, Egypt.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 06 August 2013
  •  Published: 16 August 2013



This paper reviews the antimicrobial research undertaken on  Ficus species. Antimicrobial methods [disc and well diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimum bacterial concentration (MBC)] were used to evaluate the different extracts. The majority of published articles use MIC assays for antimicrobial determination. An overview is given on the activities; extracts, compounds or oils from the publication. Phytochemical screenings as well as some bioactive compounds are given with empirical data.  Preliminary results of antimicrobial activity supported the traditional use of Ficus in folk medicine. These findings suggest a new pathway in elucidating a potent antimicrobial agent from Ficus species.


Key words: Antimicrobial activities, phytochemical composition, extracts, Ficus.