African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5182

Full Length Research Paper

Survey of Cryptococcus neoformansin pigeon (Columba livia) excreta in Public Square in Umuarama, Paraná, Brazil

Gilneia Rosa
  • Gilneia Rosa
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Luiz sérgio Merlini
  • Luiz sérgio Merlini
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Wellington Henrique Bessi
  • Wellington Henrique Bessi
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Arianne Peruzo Pires Gonçalves
  • Arianne Peruzo Pires Gonçalves
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Lorena Zacharias Silva
  • Lorena Zacharias Silva
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Pamela Roberta Perussi
  • Pamela Roberta Perussi
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Paulo Henrique Sposito
  • Paulo Henrique Sposito
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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Pinto Neto Adalgiza
  • Pinto Neto Adalgiza
  • Universidade Paranaense, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 04 August 2016
  •  Accepted: 13 September 2016
  •  Published: 28 November 2016

Abstract

Cryptococcosis is a common opportunistic fungal infection caused by encapsulated yeast of the Cryptococcus genus, mainly by the Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii species. The fungus is acquired through the inhalation of environmental propagules or, more rarely, through organ transplants in immune-compromised individuals. Domestic pigeons (Columba livia) are related to the infection, mainly as natural reservoirs for the fungus, a fact that is relevant due to the large concentration of these animals in public areas, mainly in places of large circulation of people. In order to isolate and diagnose Cryptococcus spp., a total of 50 excretion samples from pigeons from five public squares located in the central region of Umuarama, PR, were analyzed, being 10 samples from each square, totaling 50. From the analyzed samples, 100% (50) were negative for the capsulated yeast. Even though all samples were negative, the creation of educative campaigns aiming to raise awareness of the population on the risk of acquiring cryptococcosis and the importance of not feeding the pigeons in leisure areas, the main strategy in the population control of pigeons, were suggested.

Key words: Cryptococcus neoformans, yeast, pigeons, zoonosis, public square.