African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5227

Review

Mycoplasma galliscepticum: An overview

Ruizhi Yang
  • Ruizhi Yang
  • School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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Xi Lin
  • Xi Lin
  • Zunyi Animal Disease Prevention and Control Monitoring Station, 563000 Guizhou Zunyi, China.
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Huiqi Song
  • Huiqi Song
  • School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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Hongmiao Zhou
  • Hongmiao Zhou
  • School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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Shuang Li
  • Shuang Li
  • School of Animal Science and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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Xuejiao Li
  • Xuejiao Li
  • School of Animal Science and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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Bin Hao
  • Bin Hao
  • School of Animal Science and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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Lianrui Li
  • Lianrui Li
  • School of Life Sciences and Technology, Tarim University, 843300, Xinjiang Alaer, China.
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  •  Received: 06 February 2024
  •  Accepted: 13 March 2024
  •  Published: 31 March 2024

Abstract

The prokaryotic microorganism Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) belongs to the phylum Firmicutes, the order Mycoplasmatales, the family Mycoplasmataceae, and the genus Mycoplasma. MG parasitizes the respiratory tract of various poultry species, causing a range of symptoms from indistinct features to tracheitis and air sacculitis. Common signs include respiratory tract infection indicators such as coughing, asthma, a runny nose and rales. Both domestic and international reports underscore MG's transmission and infection capacity, signifying its global importance as a source of poultry infection. Further research is imperative to grasp its impact on both farmed and wild animals. This article comprehensively reviews current research progress on MG, encompassing its biological characteristics, infection traits, pathogenic mechanisms, epidemiology, detection methods, treatment, and control measures. It aims to serve as a reference for comprehensive prevention and control strategies against MG in the future.

 

Key words: Mycoplasma galliscepticum, infection characteristics, epidemiological characteristics, detection methods, treatment, vaccine.