African Journal of
Microbiology Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Microbiol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0808
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJMR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 5232

Table of Content: 17 September, 2014; 8(38)

September 2014

The immune response of silkworm, Bombyx mori

The silkworm, Bombyx mori has been used to study numerous biological phenomena including innate immune response. B. mori could be infected by various pathogens such as bacteria, fungi and virus. After infection, these microorganisms induce different types of immune response, including humoral immune responses which secrete antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) into the hemolymph and cellular immune responses which engulfed...

Author(s): Qiang Wang, Xiaoli Ju, Yang Zhou, Liang Chen and Keping Chen

September 2014

Nocardia seriolae, a causative agent of systematic granuloma in spotted butterfish, Scatophagus argus, Linn

A Nocardia seriolae was isolated from diseased spotted butterfish (Scatophagus argus, Linn). The cumu-lative mortality within one month was 30% (660 out of 2200). The diseased fish were two years old with lengths from 18 to 25 cm. Most fish suffered from haemorrhages and ulcers of the skin. The most significant gross pathological change was enlargement of the spleen, kidney and liver. White nodules, varying in size,...

Author(s): Pei-Chi Wang, Ming-An Tsai, Yu-Chi Liang, Yanting Chan and Shih-Chu Chen

September 2014

Recovery of lipophilic Malassezia species from two infants with otitis media in Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico

Malassezia species are yeasts that can be present on healthy human skin but also associated with external otitis and other skin diseases. The aim of this work was the identification of Malassezia -lipophilic- species recovered from infants with otitis media. Microbiological culture, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing were performed for Malassezia detection in samples obtained from two cases of infants with...

Author(s): Zamora-Avila, Diana Elisa, Rafael Guerra-Lund, Vidales-Contreras, Juan Antonio, Da Silva-Nascente, Patricia, Brum-Cleff, Marlete and Hernández-Escareño Jesús Jaime

September 2014

Jatropha seed cake supplementation for improved fungal growth and later use as animal feed

The use of Jatropha curcas as a raw material for biodiesel production results in large amounts of a solid residue called Jatropha seed cake (Jc). This residue is composed of lignin, cellulose, toxic compounds and anti-nutritional factors. Though the monomers that make up lignin and tannins could be used in animal feed, the polymer forms are not easily digestible, which necessitates a processing step. White rot fungi are...

Author(s): Mateus Dias Nunes, José Maria Rodrigues da Luz, Sirlaine Albino Paes, Denise Pereira Torres and Maria Catarina Megumi Kasuya

September 2014

Xylanase production using fruit waste as cost effective carbon source from thermo-tolerant Bacillus megaterium

Thermotolerant Bacillus megaterium BRL-0101 was used to produce xylanase in batch fermentations using various fruit waste as cost effective substrates. A mineral medium based on mango peel (100 g/L) as the carbon source and yeast extract + peptone + NaNO3 (10 g/L) as the nitrogen source proved to be the most effective. A 48-h batch fermentation in this medium with a starting pH of 8.0 produced a xylanase titer of ~2,876...

Author(s): Rafid Abdul Wahid Abdul Kareem, Imrana Khushk, Muhammad Aqeel Bhutto, Qureshi Abdul Sattar and Ayyaz Ahmed

September 2014

Assessment of Salmonella spp. presence among broilers of naked neck Label Rouge lineage in Northwest region of Paraná State, Brazil

The presence of Salmonella serovars in poultry products is a worldwide public health concern. Moreover, salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne diseases with approximately 10 million cases of human infection occurring per year worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of Salmonella spp. in broilers of the naked neck Label Rouge lineage by cloacal swab technique in a broiler house in the...

Author(s): Taniara Suelen Mezalira, Luciana Kazue Otutumi, Rodrigo Assunção Moura, Sharon Karla Luders Meza, Daniela Dib Gonçalves, Edna Tereza de Lima, Valdeci Messa, Bruno Gelli Vieira and Daniel Couto de Brito

September 2014

Detection of antibodies to Peste des petits ruminants virus using passive haemagglutination test and cELISA in the White Nile state-Sudan, comparative study

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is an important viral disease of sheep and goats, it causes huge economic losses in susceptible animals. The prevalence of PPR in sheep and goats in White Nile State, Sudan was studied; passive haemagglutinatin test (PHA)  and competitive ELISA were used to detect PPR antibodies in 517 serum samples collected from animals that showed symptoms suggestive of PPR disease as well as...

Author(s): Ishag, O. M., Intisar, K. S. and Ali, Y. H.

September 2014

Multiple molecular markers for diagnosis of conjunctivitis caused by Candida spp. in Iraq

Candidiasis of the eye and its symptoms may lead to blindness in many patients. This study aimed to survey and diagnose ocular candidiasis by identification of the causative Candida spp. from 165 swabs samples collected from patients suffering from conjunctivitis (pink eye infection). A total of 35 clinical isolates of Candida spp. were isolated and preliminarily identified by CHROMagar technology. Based on the...

Author(s): Zaidan Khlaif Imran and Yousor Fadhil Al-Asadi

September 2014

Effect of variation in land use, age of host tree, season and geographic location on the diversity of endophytic fungi in the needles of Afrocarpus falcatus

The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of variation in land use, age of host tree, season and geographic location on the diversity of culturable endophytic fungi of needles of Afrocarpus falcatus. Endophytic fungi represent a genetically diverse group of microorganisms associated with healthy tissues of terrestrial plants. They are believed to be mostly beneficial to their host plants and produce...

Author(s): Abdella Gure and Getachew Birhanu

September 2014

Antimicrobial activities of six plants used in Traditional Arabic Palestinian Herbal Medicine

Ethanolic extracts of six plants: Arum palaestinum Bioss, Urtica pilulifera L., Thymbra capitata (L.) Cav., Origanum syriacum L., Teucrium creticum L., and Teucrium polium L., used in Traditional Arabic Palestinian Herbal Medicine were evaluated for their antibacterial, anti-candida, and antidermatophyte activities using well diffusion, micro-dilution and food poisoned techniques. The extracts were tested against: six...

Author(s): Ahmad Ibrahim Husein, Mohammed Saleem Ali-Shtayeh, Rana Majed Jamous, Salam Yousef Abu Zaitoun, Waheed Jebril Jondi and Nidal Abd-Aljapar Zatar