African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 357

Full Length Research Paper

Accessing the potential of Lonchocarpus laxiflorus roots (LLR) plant biomass to remove Cadmium (II) ions from aqueous solutions: Equilibrium and kinetic studies

A. H. Santuraki
  • A. H. Santuraki
  • Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State ? Nigeria.
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A. A. Muazu
  • A. A. Muazu
  • Department of Chemical Sciences, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State ? Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 22 March 2015
  •  Accepted: 17 April 2015
  •  Published: 31 May 2015

Abstract

The potential of Lonchocarpus laxiflorus roots (LLR) for the removal of Cd (II) ions from aqueous solutions has been investigated. The adsorption of Cd (II) ions was found to be affected by solution pH, contact time, adsorbent dosage, initial metal ion concentration, and temperature. The equilibrium was analysed using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models. The data was found to have a closer correlation with the Lamgmur isotherm as evidenced by a higher correlation coefficient (R2). The adsorption capacity for L. laxiflorus was found to be 19.35 mg g-1 and the removal efficiency of the LLR was found to be 98% under optimized conditions. The kinetics data was also subjected to pseudo-first-order and the pseudo-second-order kinetic models. The data could be explained better using the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The selected biosorbent has been analyzed by FT-IR for identification of contributing functional groups, x-ray powder diffraction (XRD) for its structural properties and scanning electron microscope (SEM) for the structural morphology analysis.
 
Key words: Biosorption, cadmium, isotherms, kinetics, Lonchocarpus laxiflorus.