African Journal of
Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pure Appl. Chem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0840
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPAC
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 368

Full Length Research Paper

Enhancing trends of intensity signal of trace level Hf in zirconium oxide using AES sequential addition method

Ishrat Rehana and Saeed Ahmed
CAFD, Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Nilore, Islamabad, Pakistan
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 February 2008
  •  Published: 28 February 2008


A sensitive, rapid and simple method to detect Hf at trace level in Zr has been described. It is based on the sequential addition of sample after each pre excitation period, in presence of graphite as buffer. The improvement with respect to the other published procedures lies in the use of solid powdered sample, omitting the step of wet chemistry or use of any optical filter. The enhancing trends of intensity curves were also studied for various stages. The coefficient of variation was found to be within the range 6 - 12% for different batches of samples. The detection limit was found to be 30 µgg-1. The improved sensitivity, accuracy and rapidity make it suitable for routine evaluation of Hf using emission spectroscopy.


Key words: Hafnium, zirconium, intensity, AES.