In the present study, an attempt has been made to analyze the profiles and biochemical composition of aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanin amino transferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), phosphorus, sodium, potassium and iron in six local groups of silkworm,Bombyx mori L. Six local silkworm varieties were used in the present study. These varieties included: (1) Lemon Khorasan; (2) Lemon Haratee, (3) White Haratee; (4) Yellow Haratee; (5) Pink Khorasan and (6) Baghdadi. The data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) to determine if the differences found between treatments and the differences between treatments were significant. For analysis of variance, Turkey’s studentized range (HSD) test in a complete randomized design was used at α=0.05. From the obtained results, it was shown that the amount of alanin amino transferase (ALT) in the six studied local varieties is between 14.54 and 40.51 U/L. Among studied local varieties, the highest level of alanin amino transferase (ALT) belonged to White Haratee (40.51 U/L), and Lemon Khorasan variety (14.54 U/L) remained at lower level than other varieties (P<0.05). Also, it is shown that among the studied local varieties, the highest level of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) belonged to Lemon Khorasan (10.53 mg/dl), and Lemon Haratee variety (3.01 U/L) remained at the lower level than other varieties (P<0.05).
Key word: Indigenous race, Bombyx mori, enzyme, cluster, Fe.
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