African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2188

Full Length Research Paper

Nutrients in Amazonian fruit pulps with functional and pharmacological interest

Montero I. F.
  • Montero I. F.
  • Department of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, Polytechnic School University of Extremadura, Cáceres, Spain.
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Saravia S. A. M.
  • Saravia S. A. M.
  • Academic Department of Soils, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Conservation, National University of Agriculture, Catacamas, Olancho, Honduras.
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Santos R. A.
  • Santos R. A.
  • Departament of Food Science, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Louisiana State University, United States.
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dos Santos R. C.
  • dos Santos R. C.
  • Instituto Insikiran de Formação Superior Indígena, Federal University of Roraima, Campus Paricarana, Brazil.
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Marcía J. A. F.
  • Marcía J. A. F.
  • Department of Engineering and Agroindustrial ProcessesFaculty of Technological Sciences, National University of Agriculture, Catacamas, Olancho, Honduras.
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da Costa H. N. R.
  • da Costa H. N. R.
  • Departament of Chemistry, Science and Technology Center Federal University of Roraima, Boa Vista-RR-Brazil.
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  •  Received: 27 March 2020
  •  Accepted: 20 May 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020

Abstract

In this research, nine fruits cultivated in Northern Amazon were studied: Abiu, acerola, araçá, bacupari, biribá, camu-camu, fruta-do-conde, graviola and taperebá, with the objective of carrying out a proximate and nutritional study of the pulps of the Northern Amazon fruits. They were graviola (76.83 ± 0.02 Kcal 100 g-1), bacupari (53.15 ± 0.02 Kcal 100 g-1) and fruta-do-conde (46.66 ± 0.02 Kcal 100 g-1). Among the macronutrients, potassium with high concentration stood out, especially in graviola (541.16 ± 0.24 mg.100 g-1) and biribá (468.21 ± 0.13 mg 100 g-1). Among the micronutrients, iron concentrations was high in araçá pulp (3.04 ± 0.02 mg 100 g-1), and abiu was abundant in zinc (3.71 ± 0.02 mg 100 g-1) and manganese (6.61 ± 0.11 mg 100 g-1). The presence of cobalt at the level of traces in some of the pulps studied stood out. The Pearson correlation coefficient was evaluated, as well as the statistical treatment by multivariate analysis Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to establish the correlation between the variables studied.

Key words: Amazonian fruit, functional food, nutrients.