African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2269

Full Length Research Paper

Nutritional composition, vitamins, minerals and toxic heavy metals analysis of Digera muricata (L.) Mart.: A wild edible plant from Peshawar, Pakistan

Naeem Khan1,2*, Naima Tahir1, Alia Sultana1, Iqbal Hussain1, In Min Hwang2, and Kyong Su Kim2
1Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science & Technology, Kohat-26000, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan 2Department of Food and Nutrition, Chosun University, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of Korea.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 21 June 2013
  •  Published: 08 July 2013


This study was aimed to assess the nutritional potential of an unexplored wild edible plant,Digera muricata (L.) Mart. commonly used as food in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The nutritional, vitamins, minerals and trace elements were investigated, using standard methods of Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Nutritional assessment included determination of moisture, ash, lipid, fiber, protein, carbohydrate, and energy. Among the nutrient values, fiber was found to be the highest, followed by ash, carbohydrates, moisture and protein. Lipid was present in very small quantity. The vitamins analyzed were found to have greater value for riboflavin than retinol. Among the macro minerals, potassium was present in high concentration than sodium. The trace elements were assessed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) and their decreasing order was Fe>Zn>Mn>Co>Ni. Two toxic metals, Pb and Cd were present in very minute quantities. From the results it was suggested that D. muricata (L.) Mart. is a useful plant and can be used as food.


Key words: Digera muricata (L.) Mart., nutritional evaluation, vitamins, minerals, Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC).