African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2159

Review

Tremendous health benefits and clinical aspects of Smilax china

Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian
  • Mohamad Hesam Shahrajabian
  • Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.
  • Google Scholar
Wenli Sun
  • Wenli Sun
  • Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.
  • Google Scholar
Qi Cheng
  • Qi Cheng
  • Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 02 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 23 August 2019
  •  Published: 31 October 2019

Abstract

A lot of species of Smilax known as Baqia in China are used in folk medicine for various purposes. Smilax china L., is a small vine that grows in the southern parts of China, known as Jin Gang Ten, which has a long history of indigenous use in China. S. china consists of fat, saponins, glucosides, gum, starch, flavonoids, tannins, and alkaloids. S. china has been used in traditional Chinese medicine because it has effective components such as triterpenoid, saponins, flavones, stilbenes, and organic acids. Roots are the most common used part; stems and rhizome can be used also in the form of powder or paste, raw or cooked. The most important health benefits of S. china are energy tonic, impotency and seminal disorders, chronic arthritis and secondary and tertiary syphilis, schizophrenia and epilepsy, pemphigus and skin diseases, ostero-arthritis, leucorrhea or white discharge, relieving joints numbness, diabetes and excretory system. The obtained findings strongly suggest potential of S. china as an additive in pharmaceutical industries.

Key words: Health benefits, Smilax china, pharmaceutical industries, traditional Chinese medicine.