African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 677

Review

Review on effect of population density and tuber size on yield components and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

Semira Nasir
  • Semira Nasir
  • Department of Plant Science, Madda Walabu University College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, P. O. Box 247, Bale Robe Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Bikila Akassa
  • Bikila Akassa
  • Bako Agricultural Research Center Western. Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 02 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 26 October 2018
  •  Published: 31 December 2018

Abstract

Population density and seed tuber is an important agronomic management practices in the production of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.). However, potato farmers in Ethiopia often use random population density and tuber sizes, which contribute to the low yield of the crop. Thus the objective of this study is to review effect of population density and tuber size on yield components and yield of potato. The result of this review shows that the highest plant height and main stems number was found in wider spacing and in medium to large tuber size. In the same way, the number of tuber per plant, average tuber weight and marketable yield increased when potatoes are planted in medium intra row spacing (60 x 30) and using medium (35 to 45 cm) to large (45 to 55 cm) tuber size. However, total tuber number/ha and unmarketable yield increased in closer spacing and medium (35 to 45 cm) tuber size. Thus according to the review to increase total yield and marketable yield, it is better to  use medium plant spacing (60 x 30 cm) and medium-sized tubers (35 to 45 mm).

 

Key words: Population density, potato growth, potato yield, tuber size.