African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 718

Full Length Research Paper

Survival, growth and biomass production of Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania

Ezekiel Edward
  • Ezekiel Edward
  • Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture,P. O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania.
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Shabani A. O. Chamshama
  • Shabani A. O. Chamshama
  • Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture,P. O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania.
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Yonika M. Ngaga
  • Yonika M. Ngaga
  • Faculty of Forestry and Nature Conservation, Sokoine University of Agriculture,P. O. Box 3010, Morogoro, Tanzania.
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Mathew A. Mndolwa
  • Mathew A. Mndolwa
  • Tanzania Forestry Research Institute-Lushoto Centre, P. O. Box 95, Lushoto, Tanzania.
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  •  Received: 28 August 2012
  •  Accepted: 09 December 2013
  •  Published: 31 January 2014

Abstract

Survival, growth and biomass production was studied among 14 Moringa oleifera provenances at Gairo inland plateau-Morogoro, and Ruvu Coastal Region in Tanzania employing randomized complete block design with three replications. Growth assessment was done at six months intervals while biomass assessment was only done at 30 months. During final assessment, untransformed survival at Gairo site ranged from 65.33% for Chikwawa/Domasi (Malawi) to 98.67% for Ihumwa (Tanzania) while at Ruvu site, it ranged from 92% for PKM 2 (India) to 100% for Chikwawa/Domasi (Malawi), Mahalapye (Botswana) and Mbololo 472-029/03 (Kenya) provenances. Height ranged from 2.66 m for Makhanga (Malawi) to 5.04 m for Maun (Botswana) at Gairo site and from 4.82 m for Makhanga (Malawi) to 8.16 m for Maun (Botswana) at Ruvu site. Breast height diameter ranged from 2.80 cm for Makhanga (Malawi) to 6.07 cm for Mahalapye (Botswana) at Gairo site and from 5.18 cm for PKM 3 (India) to 8.58 cm for Maun (Botswana) at Ruvu site. Provenances Mahalapye and Maun (Botswana), Ihumwa (Tanzania), Mbololo 472-029/03 (Kenya) and PKM 1 (India) at Gairo site and Maun and Mahalapye (Botswana), Mbololo 472-029/03 (Kenya) and Ihumwa (Tanzania) at Ruvu site are recommended for planting at these and similar sites.

Key words: Moringa, survival, growth, biomass production, Tanzania.