African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 383

Full Length Research Paper

The impact of China on the agency and negotiating power of African countries: Cases of Angola and Niger

Dramane Thiombiano
  • Dramane Thiombiano
  • Department of Bachelor in International Management, College of management National Yun Lin University of Science and Technology Taiwan, Province of China.
  • Google Scholar
Zhengke Zhang
  • Zhengke Zhang
  • Institute of African Studies, Najing University, China.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 November 2018
  •  Accepted: 05 December 2019
  •  Published: 31 March 2020


The recent surge in cooperation between China and African countries challenges the western aid model thus giving African countries a better leverage and negotiating power in their relation with the west. It is obvious that the Chinese presence in Africa is motivated by its economic and energy security agenda, which consist in securing natural resources to ensure security of supply and demand in its domestic market. This paper argues that the growing importance of China in Africa coupled with its unconventional aid model has increased its agency vis-à-vis western countries. The case study of Angola and Niger reveals that their bargaining power vis-à-vis the west has increased as a result of their relation with China. However, it is also important to point out that they do not have the same level of agency in regards to their relation with China: Angola derives a stronger bargaining power and is more assertive than Niger.


Key words: African agency, Angola, Niger, China, Western countries, natural resources.