African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 390

Full Length Research Paper

The promise of regional projects for Africa’s landlocked countries: Focusing on Ethiopia

Ebssa Wakwaya
  • Ebssa Wakwaya
  • Political Science and International Relations Program, College of Social Sciences, Wollega University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 10 December 2012
  •  Accepted: 25 December 2014
  •  Published: 28 February 2015


Africa Development Bank (2009). 'Mombasa- Nairobi- Addis Ababa Road Corridor Project: Phase II', Project Appraisal Report, June 2009.
African Review (2013). 'Ethiopia- Sudan highway opened for traffic' 17 January 2013.
Alemayehu G, Haile K (2002). 'Regional Economic Integration in Africa: A Review of Problems and Prospects with a case Study of COMESA', Regional Economic Integration. pp.1-25.
Amare T (1989). 'The Determinants of the Foreign Policy of Revolutionary Ethiopia', J. Modern Afr. Stud. 27(3):479-502.
Asafa J (2004). 'The Process of State Formation in the Horn of Africa in Comparative Perspective', In: Asafa Jalata (ed.), State Crisis, Globalization and National Movements in North-East Africa, London: Routledge pp.1-29
Beck U (2003). 'The Sile nce of Words: On Terror and War', Security and Dialogue, 34:3.
Belachew G (2009). 'Ethiopia Nationalism: an Ideology to Transcend All Odds' Africa Specturm 44(1):79-97.
Burgess S (2009). 'Stabilization, Peace Building, and Sustainability in the Horn of Africa', Strategic Studies Quarterly, Spring pp.81-116.
Buzan B (2003). 'Regional Security Complex Theory in the Post Cold War World' In: Soderbaum F and Timothy Shaw (eds), Theories of New Regionalism, Palgrave: Hound mills, pp.140-159.
Clark J (2003). Civil Society and the Battle for Ethical Globalization, London: Earth Scan.
Counlibaly S, Andrew R, Vivien F, Uwe D (2009). 'Depending Regional Integration', in Africa's Infrastructure: A time for Transformation, pp.143-161.
Dehez D (2008). 'Ethiopia: A Hegemon in the Horn of Africa Region?', Unpublished Conference Paper for BISA Annual Conference.
Deutsch K (1978). The Analysis of International Relations, (2nd edn.), New Jersy: Prentice- Hall, Inc.
Dowden R (2007). 'China's Healing Power', TIME, 170(6):13.
Duffy C, Feld W (1980). 'Whither Regional Integration Theory?', in Feld, Werner and Gavin Boyd (eds.), Comparative Regional Systems, New York: Pergamon Press pp.500-520
Ewing J (2008). 'Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region', Institute for Security Studies. Situation Report, 1 December 2008
Faye M, John M, Jeffry S, Thomas S (2004). 'The Challenges Facing Landlocked Developing Countries', J. Hum. Dev. 5(1):31-68.
Feld W, Gavin B (1980). Comparative Regional Systems, New York: Peramon Press.
Getachew B (2010). 'Port of Assab as a Factor for Economic Development and Regional Conflict'. Conference Paper on: Good Governance, Peace, Security, Sustainable Development in Ethiopia and Horn of Africa, Washington, DC: AFE and ENPCP, (April 9-11, 2010).
Haass R (2008). 'The age of Non Polarity. What Follow U.S Dominance?', Foreign Affairs. (http: // www. Foreign
Hamilton B (2009). Cross- Border Trade in East African Courtiers: Shared Issues and Priorities for Reform, USAID: Biz CLIR Project
Hettne B (2003). 'The New Regioalism Revisited' In: Soderbaum, F. and Timothy Shaw (eds.), Theories of New Regionalism, Palgrave: Hound mills, pp. 22-42.
Holcomb B and Sisai I (1990). The Invention of Ethiopia: the Making of a Depending Colonial Empire in Ethiopia, Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press.
Jervis R (1999). 'Realism, Neoliberalism and Cooperation: Understanding the Debate', International Security 24(1):42-65.
Kissinger H (2004). 'America's Assignment', News Week 144(19):38-43.
Lindberg L, Stuart S (1970). Europe's would be Polity: Patterns of change in the European Community. Englewoods : Prentice Hill Inc
Mackellar L, Andreas W, Julia W (2000). 'Economic Development Problems of Landlocked Countries', Transition Economics Series,Vienna: Institute for Advanced Studies, p.14.
Mesfin A (2002). 'Problems and Prospects for a Horn of Africa Confederation', Paper Presented in International Conference on Prospects for a Horn of Africa Confederation, Florida: The Institute on Black Life of the University of Florida
Mistry P (2000). 'Africa's Record of Regional Co-operation and Integration', African Affairs, No 99
Moravcsik A (2010). 'In Defense of Europe', Newsweek. June7. 160(23):24-27.
Nye J (1968). International Regionalism, Harvard University Press
Sarbo D (2010). 'The Challenges of Regional Integration in Africa: the Case of Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD)', Unpublished Material, Global Economic Governance Programme, university College of Oxford.
Shaw T (2000). Multilateralism in Multicultural Perspectives. New York: United Nations University.
Shinn D (2005). 'China's approach to North, East, and Horn of Africa', China's Global Influence: Objective and Strategies, Testimony before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. Dirksen Senate Office Building.
Sisay A (2002). 'Prospects of Regional integraton in the Horn of Africa' Conference paper on Prospects For A Horn of Africa Confederation, Florida: The Institute on Black Life of the University of Florida. November 14-15, 2002.
Teshale T (1995). The Making of Modern Ethiopia 1896-1974, Lawrenceville: The Red Sea press.
Work E (1935). Ethiopia: A Pawn in European Diplomacy, New Concord: Olin.
Wuhib M (1997). 'Land- lockedness and Dependency on Coastal Countries: The Case of Ethiopia', Geopolitics. 2(1):56-68.
Yang Y, Sanjeev G (2007). 'Regional Trade Arrangement in Africa: Past Performance and the Way Forward' Oxford: Black Well Publishing Ltd, pp.399- 431.
Young J (1998). 'Regionalism and Democracy in Ethiopia', Third World Quarterly 19(2):191-204.
Zakaria F (2008). The Post-American World. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.