The present article tries to describe and analysis various roles that have been contributed to the literature as an organic unity for specific instrument. After a brief attempt to define literature, some of its essential characteristics are discussed. It is literature which simultaneously can promote and nourishes several facets of human mind. Literature has this aptitude that satisfies audience with news in chorus, enjoyment of literariness and constructs a bridge between peoples in spite of their distance. It is literature which single-handily makes conciliation of divergent as same as making generalization. At the same time, literature has no direct struggle and contact with occurrence, however, it moves behind or before the event with preserving the distance.
Key words: Literature, reality, conciliation of divergent, generalization.
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