International Journal of
English and Literature

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. English Lit.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2626
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEL
  • Start Year: 2010

IJEL Articles in press


Article in Press

The main purpose of this study was to collect, analyze and interpret the social, cultural economic role of Sebat Bit Gurage proverbs. A method related to ethnographic study was employed; interview, document, and focus group discussion were used to collect relevant data to the study. Both female and male informants were selected from Muhor Na Aklil, Ezha, Cheha, Abshege, and Ezha woredas using snowball sampling technique...

Author(s):Shashetu Bayu and Shikur Nasir

Blindness as a metaphor in Modernist Short Story

Article in Press

This paper is an enquiry into the treatment of ‘blindness’ in modernist short story. Blindness has been one of the most powerful metaphors in literature down the age of classicism. With the passage of time, when highly cerebral schools like Existentialism, Absurdism, Modernism and cultural studies began to make their presence felt in literature, the perspective of blindness and sight began to acquire more complex meanings....

Author(s):Karunakaran B Shaji


Article in Press

In the teaching of English language, meaning is of great importance in four skills. When meaning is not conveyed adequately, English learners may face difficulties through learning English language. These challenges could be eliminated with the help of pragmatics by assisting learners to become more concerned about language and language use. Hence, this action research was carried out to draw attention to language...

Author(s):Zekiye SEİS

Distortion of Nepalese Culture and Social Norms in Upadhyay’s Buddha’s Orphans

Article in Press

This research article is mainly focused on how Samrat Upadhyayha has distorted Nepalese Culture and social norms in the novel Buddha’s Orphans. Nepalese culture and society are represented in a biased way from the western perspective. By using oriental stereotypes, the author has represented Nepal and the religious belief of Nepalese people in a wrong way. The characters of this novel like Bokey Ba, Kaki, Raja, Jamuna and...

Author(s):Ramesh Prasad Adhikary

The Significance of Epiphany in D. H. Lawrence’s Short Story “The Odour of Chrysanthemums”

Article in Press

The aim of this study is to point out to the significance of epiphany experienced by the character of Elizabeth in “Odour of Chrysanthemums” with an eye on the social realities of the time in which the story was written. With the analysis of the story, this study challenges the claims that D. H Lawrence is a sexist by feminist critics such as Kate Millet. In the line with these, after a brief information on D. H. Lawrence...

Author(s):Gökçek Aycan

Re-reading the ‘femme fatale’ in Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary and Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina

Article in Press

This article probes the concept of ‘femme fatale’ widely discussed in Gustave Flaubert’s Madame Bovary(1857) and Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina(1877), the two world classics in English literature and masterpieces of all time. These novels echo the social context of nineteenth century in countries of its setting and authorship. Both Flaubert and Tolstoy belong to the realistic tradition of writing. They have succeeded in their...

Author(s):Veena Vijaya


Article in Press

An analysis of the Uganda National anthem

Author(s):Namagero Shira Tendo

The role of applicative morphology in marking the telicity of applicative verbs in Ruruuli-Lunyala

Article in Press

We examine the role of the morphology of applicatives in marking the telicity of applicative verbs in Ruruuli-Lunyala. Applicative verbs in Bantu languages have largely been investigated as allowing a new object NP within the subcategorization of their base verb, leading to a change of valency with the new NP often giving a certain thematic role. However, less attention has been put on the role of the applicative in...

Author(s):Atuhairwe Amos


Article in Press

Wole Soyinka’s style is writing as exploration: a search for the “thingly” character of the “thing”. That thing is political corruption. Soyinka makes the stench of corruption so bare and even transparent that it seems to beg for solutions. Soyinka, like Jean Paul Sartre, tries to expose the anomalies of the problems of society in order to wake up and solve them. While Sartre believes that the artists should be at the...


Postcolonial Perspective in Ice-Candy-Man

Article in Press

Bapsi Sidhwa’s Ice-Candy-Man is a candid examination of the changing socio-political realities of the Indian sub-continent just before the partition. The central theme of the narrative is communal strife, individual identity, territorial carvings, and political savagery. It presents the Parsi Pakistani perspective of partition and the Parsi dilemma of retaining allegiance to political masters. Bapsi Sidhwa’s novel informs...

Author(s):Ms Bhavisha Shah

Thematic Functions of Oral Literature in the Speeches of Legendary Oromo Heroes in Bale Zone, Oromia

Article in Press

The major purpose of the study was to analyze thematic functions of oral literature used in the speeches of Oromo heroes (Haaji Adam Saddo, General Husen Bune, Colonel Aliyyi Cirri, General Waqo Gutu, and Colonel Adam Jilo) of the three selected districts (woredas) (Madda Walabu, Gobba, and Sawwena) of Bale zone, Oromia region. Qualitative research design was employed, for it can guide the researchers to collect...

Author(s):Muktar Ahmed and Umer Aliy

Fallout of 9/11 for Muslims in America: A reluctant fundamentalist

Article in Press

This paper titled, Fall out of 9/11 for Muslims in America- A study of Mohsin Hamid’s The Reluctant Fundamentalist examines the fall out of the terrorist act of 9/11, which inflamed the American sentiments and consolidated stereotypes against Islam and Muslims in America and how they became targets of the negative media stereotype. The study also reveals that the American reaction towards Muslims after the attacks on twin...

Author(s):Bilquees Dar


Article in Press

Patriarchy objectifies and sexualizes female bodies and it has led to the victimization and subordination of women in various ways and as Chinua Achebe says “Since men have learned to shoot without missing, he (Eneke the bird) has learned to fly without perching” (6), women have developed various ways of achieving autonomy and escaping the pangs of patriarchy. Using liberal feministic eyes, this article explores Grizelda...

Author(s):Godfrey Chakawera Munthali

Anti-slavery Rhetoric in the English Poetry from 1780 to 1838

Article in Press

This paper investigated the anti-slavery poetry rhetoric of William Cowper, Hannah More, William Blake, William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge from 1780 to 1838. Their work investigated some aspects of the abolition of slavery and slave the trade in the United Kingdom, and its domains (the Caribbean, South Africa and some in Canada). Thus, one of the principal objectives is to draw the attention of British society...

Author(s):Suleiman Ibrahim Abualbasher

A comparison of two newspaper accounts of the assassination of President Kennedy using experiential analysis and interpersonal analysis

Article in Press

Two contemporary British newspaper accounts of President Kennedy’s assassination were analysed using two different means of linguistic analysis. The Guardian and The Daily Mirror were chosen due to their contrasting journalistic styles and the lack of choice online. Experiential analysis and interpersonal analysis were chosen due to their differing focus. The experiential analysis revealed a higher proportion of different...


Mimicry, Rebellion and Subversion of Western Beliefs in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah

Article in Press

Migration is a global issue that entails the movement of people from one place to another. Edward Said states that “our age- with its modern warfare, imperialism and the quasi-theological ambitions of totalitarian rulers is indeed the age of the refugee, the displaced person, mass migration” (2002, p. 138). The crossing of transnational borders and entry into the receiving country presents various challenges which an...

Author(s):Mark O. Ighile and Charity O. Oseghale

Covert influence of politics on the lives of Jhumpa Lahiri’s characters in The Lowland

Article in Press

Many have categorized Jhumpa Lahiri’s oeuvre as the “immigrant genre”, in which the immigrants search for a location where they can feel at home in their new homeland. All her works explore this element of diaspora where there is a generational tension between immigrant parents and their children, clash of cultures, the conflicts of assimilation, and displacement in their new societies. The Lowland, to some part, deals...

Author(s):Dorji Rinchen

Style and Technique of John Masefield: An Overview

Article in Press

This paper is an attempt to discuss style and technique of John Masefield which is distinct from his contemporaries. He heavily relied on content than form. He has employed different types of rhyme schemes in his poetry. We must pay tribute to Masefield’s skill in finding new rhymes¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬–quite refreshing to the ear of the reader wearied by the monotonous singing of the changes on almost the same words. His...

Author(s):Basharat Ul Haq

The Problem of Metaphysical Evil: Critiquing Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent

Article in Press

The paper critically examines the problem of metaphysical evil which is perceptible in Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent. Metaphysical evil conveys the eternal struggle between good and evil which intended to show that man cannot achieve true perfection due his limitation. The interaction with these belligerent forces kindled spark of materialistic ambition which ultimately establishes the concept of evil, resulting...

Author(s):Khair Ul Bashar and Alam Zeb

J. D. Salinger’s the catcher in the rye: A representation of parent-child relationship and consequences

Article in Press

Parents’ roles, when neglected, jeopardize their children’s lives. However, children’s attitudes are most of the time criticized by putting the parental role in the margin. One consequence of this situation is artistically portrayed in one of the most controversial, yet classic, works in American literary history: J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye. Informed by psychoanalytic literary critical theory, this essay...

Author(s):Komla M. Avono

Learners' problem with the intelligibility at segmental and supra-segmental level amongst Bengali speakers

Article in Press

Bengali language being very resourceful with forty-nine letters allows its speakers utmost flexibility to diphthongize and to form many types of consonant cluster in accordance with the demand of spelling and meaning. Remarkably enough, Bengali has more sounds than needed to facilitate any English sounds without making any distortions to them. But, in fact, there are very many pronunciation varieties people are used to...

Author(s):MD ANWAR

Editorial Cartoons as Mirror of the Nigerian Nation: The Example of New Telegraph

Article in Press

It is very obvious that newspapers do not just report news, make known governmental policies or educate people on the happenings in societies among other things (Ogazie 2012). It however, serves as a watch dog in society. As the press beams its search light on the activities of government through its reportage, the public is made to participate in the process of governance and at the same time, aligns the governed to come...

Author(s):ODETADE Ibitayo Odekunle

Women’s Predicament in Shashi Deshpande’s Roots and Shadows

Article in Press

Shashi Deshpande’s novels revolve around the circumference of real life experiences, evading the shadows of idealism. She travels in the terrain of human sensibility where all issues and obstacles are overcome gradually through self-introspection. Her protagonists find their way to discover their identity. Indu, the protagonist of the novel, Roots and Shadows, yearns for freedom and security. In an attempt to be completely...

Author(s):Muthusamy Kavitha and Padmini Bernard Fenn

The socio-feminist realism of Chimamanda Adichie’s half of a yellow sun and purple hibiscus

Article in Press

This research investigates the Socio-Feminist Realism of the novels of Chimamanda Adichie. The selected texts for analysis are Half of a Yellow Sun and Purple Hibiscus. She attempts an interrogation of Nigerian socio-cultural environment and issues in her fictional world especially in the analysis of domestic, national and gender problems. Most interestingly and the focus of this research is the cradle way Adichie handles...


A Psychoanalytic Exploration into Oromo Novel: Suuraa Abdii

Article in Press

This research was aimed at contributing to the effort of extensive categorization of Afaan Oromo literature into the written and unwritten literary corpuses. The main objective of the study was to identify the key concepts of Freudian Psychoanalysis in the selected Oromo novel Suuraa Abdii which was used as a primary source of data. Important excerpts for the analysis were taken from the novel through a Close Reading...

Author(s):Rabbirra Dhaba

“He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart”: Reading Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart: A Postcolonial Perspective

Article in Press

Being a postcolonial narrative, Things Fall Apart experiences a wide critical acclaim. From the pen of Chinua Achebe, the Igbo cultural complexity has come into being a theme that opens up an historical account of the clash of two cultures. Okonkwo, a very well-known public figure in his community falls under the threat of a new culture brought by the white missionaries preaching the gospels of the Christianity. After the...

Author(s):A.K.M. Aminur Rashid

Major problems in the assessment of speaking skills and their improvement at secondary level in Punjab

Article in Press

In this research, the researcher has investigated the practice of testing and evaluation of English speaking skills by highlighting issues involved in testing of speaking skills. It has been observed that there are many problems in the teaching and testing of speaking skills at secondary level in Punjab. The researcher planned to use both qualitative and quantitative mixed methods because both develop a complete research...

Author(s):Nazir Robina

Quest for renewed self and identity of the protagonist in R.K Narayan‟s „Vendor of Sweets‟

Article in Press

Great world writers have always been disposed to different forms of quest in their works as one of their main preoccupations is with the nature and the creation of the Self. Quests recover essential things to human life in encounters between cultures, with alien surroundings, people, animals, nature, or the Other; namely, the waking of individual in the knowledge of himself, knowledge about others, the world, and the...

Author(s):Venkataramana Balaga

Headedness and the syntactic structure of Basà compounds

Article in Press

Basà language is classified as belonging to Kainji family under the sub-phylum Western-Kainji (Croizier and Blench, 1992). It is spoken in North Central Nigeria, that is, all the Federal Councils, Niger, Nasarawa, Benue and Kogi states. This study investigates headedness and the structure of Basà compounds. Data gathering for this work involved interview, the native intuition of the researcher, careful observation of...

Author(s):Imoh Philip Manda

The possibilities of narrative: A theoretical review of how we can read and write our way through psychological trauma

Article in Press

This article details the possibility of overcoming psychological trauma through reading, writing and the process of bearing witness. The research covered describes the history and anatomy of trauma including an analysis on how trauma affects memory. The research provides insight into how narrative transforms implicit memory into explicit memory through creating a narrative of the traumatic experience. Finding that the...

Author(s):Samantha, L. H. Denney

Eliot’s The Waste Land: Allusions as the structure to maintain form through paradoxical dualism

Article in Press

Allusions in The Waste Land deserve to be considered because Eliot has created a world of formal perfection out of them; moreover, the interweaving of various symbols taken from his major sources, i.e. Miss Weston’s From Ritual to Romance, and Frazer’s The Golden Bough, constitutes the central meaning of the poem, as they are applied to the modern Waste Land. Sometimes quotation and allusion become the very language of the...

Author(s):Ebrahim Hassanpour

A social constructivist theory of Trauma: 9/11 and the marginalized diasporic Iranian identity in Porochista Khakpour’s Sons and Other Flammable Objects

Article in Press

This study in an endeavor to argue that a post-9/11 narrative like Porochista Khakpour’s Sons and Other Flammable Objects assigns a new meaning to an event like 9/11, and tries to reconstitute the identity of Khakpour’s ethnic collectivity around this newly-defined event. In this study, we argue that Jeffrey C. Alexander’s theory of Cultural Trauma can provide us with a more meaningful framework for the study of post 9/11...

Author(s):Arash Rahmani and Amir Ali Nojoumian

The Forgotten Bibliography of Albanian Drama

Article in Press

The present lack of a unique bibliography which can reflect the totality of published national drama, and the need for combined bibliography for educational purposes, led to the composition of the Bibliography of Albanian Drama. Research, for the first drama, lasted until 2017 and was conducted in Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia, Turkey, Italy, Greece, Croatia, in other Balkan countries, in Europe, in archives, in literary...

Author(s):Erenestina Halili

Modernism: Cultural anarchy or new perspective

Article in Press

The decades between the end of the Nineteenth century and Twentieth century in the Western hemisphere have been years of conflict and ambiguities. The political frame has witnessed the rise and fall of a new social actor, the bourgeoisie; meanwhile the weaknesses of so called democratic systems have led to the madness of Totalitarianism. The very same confusion defines the cultural paradigm where old literary parameters...

Author(s):Castelli Alberto

Some Non-Standard English features in creative writing in English in Cameroon

Article in Press

This paper examines some Non-Standard English features (henceforth NSE features) in Creative Writing in English in Cameroon (henceforth CWEC). The data are three novels which are published by learned Anglophone users of English. These novels are selected for classroom teaching in English-medium schools in Cameroon. The narrow data consist of non-standard words, phrases, expressions and short passages which are extracted...


Exploration Light and Darkness in Conrad`s Heart of Darkness

Article in Press

This paper deals with two contrary aspects ( Light and Darkness ), and how Joseph Conrad deliberately used these aspects in his novella Heart of Darkness. He takes advantage of several important literary techniques during the story. One predominant method of his storytelling is his use of light and dark symbolism. Throughout the story, the narrator, Marlow, portrays Europeans and Europe in terms of light and white,...

Author(s):Alkhafaji Weam Majeed

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