International Journal of
English and Literature

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. English Lit.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2626
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEL
  • Start Year: 2010

IJEL Articles in press

Article in Press


This study investigated the influence of social media on the teaching/learning of Writing in secondary school in Akoko-Edo Local Government Area, Edo State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study sought to know which Social Networking Sites (SNS) influence the teaching/learning of writing most and how social media can be deployed to improve the teaching and learning of this subskill of language. A survey research design was...

Author(s):Femi U. Balogun, Femi H. Suleiman, Olusegun O. Aramide

Article in Press

A comparison of two newspaper accounts of the assassination of President Kennedy using experiential analysis and interpersonal analysis

Two contemporary British newspaper accounts of President Kennedy’s assassination were analysed using two different means of linguistic analysis. The Guardian and The Daily Mirror were chosen due to their contrasting journalistic styles and the lack of choice online. Experiential analysis and interpersonal analysis were chosen due to their differing focus. The experiential analysis revealed a higher proportion of different...


Article in Press

Mimicry, Rebellion and Subversion of Western Beliefs in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah

Migration is a global issue that entails the movement of people from one place to another. Edward Said states that “our age- with its modern warfare, imperialism and the quasi-theological ambitions of totalitarian rulers is indeed the age of the refugee, the displaced person, mass migration” (2002, p. 138). The crossing of transnational borders and entry into the receiving country presents various challenges which an...

Author(s):Mark O. Ighile and Charity O. Oseghale

Article in Press

Covert influence of politics on the lives of Jhumpa Lahiri’s characters in The Lowland

Many have categorized Jhumpa Lahiri’s oeuvre as the “immigrant genre”, in which the immigrants search for a location where they can feel at home in their new homeland. All her works explore this element of diaspora where there is a generational tension between immigrant parents and their children, clash of cultures, the conflicts of assimilation, and displacement in their new societies. The Lowland, to some part, deals...

Author(s):Dorji Rinchen

Article in Press

Anxiety experienced in speaking a foreign language: Cause and effect in selected government universities of Ethiopia

The principal objective of this study was to investigate the main causes of university students’ English Language speaking anxiety and its effect in English as a foreign language speaking classrooms. To this end, the researcher made a qualitative research design to investigate the issue. To collect the necessary data for the study, interview and focus group discussion were employed as the main data collecting tools....

Author(s):Tegbar Kibret Muluneh

Article in Press

Style and Technique of John Masefield: An Overview

This paper is an attempt to discuss style and technique of John Masefield which is distinct from his contemporaries. He heavily relied on content than form. He has employed different types of rhyme schemes in his poetry. We must pay tribute to Masefield’s skill in finding new rhymes¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬¬–quite refreshing to the ear of the reader wearied by the monotonous singing of the changes on almost the same words. His...

Author(s):Basharat Ul Haq

Article in Press

The Problem of Metaphysical Evil: Critiquing Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent

The paper critically examines the problem of metaphysical evil which is perceptible in Steinbeck’s The Winter of our Discontent. Metaphysical evil conveys the eternal struggle between good and evil which intended to show that man cannot achieve true perfection due his limitation. The interaction with these belligerent forces kindled spark of materialistic ambition which ultimately establishes the concept of evil, resulting...

Author(s):Khair Ul Bashar and Alam Zeb

Article in Press

J. D. Salinger’s the catcher in the rye: A representation of parent-child relationship and consequences

Parents’ roles, when neglected, jeopardize their children’s lives. However, children’s attitudes are most of the time criticized by putting the parental role in the margin. One consequence of this situation is artistically portrayed in one of the most controversial, yet classic, works in American literary history: J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye. Informed by psychoanalytic literary critical theory, this essay...

Author(s):Komla M. Avono

Article in Press

Learners' problem with the intelligibility at segmental and supra-segmental level amongst Bengali speakers

Bengali language being very resourceful with forty-nine letters allows its speakers utmost flexibility to diphthongize and to form many types of consonant cluster in accordance with the demand of spelling and meaning. Remarkably enough, Bengali has more sounds than needed to facilitate any English sounds without making any distortions to them. But, in fact, there are very many pronunciation varieties people are used to...

Author(s):MD ANWAR

Article in Press

Editorial Cartoons as Mirror of the Nigerian Nation: The Example of New Telegraph

It is very obvious that newspapers do not just report news, make known governmental policies or educate people on the happenings in societies among other things (Ogazie 2012). It however, serves as a watch dog in society. As the press beams its search light on the activities of government through its reportage, the public is made to participate in the process of governance and at the same time, aligns the governed to come...

Author(s):ODETADE Ibitayo Odekunle

Article in Press

Women’s Predicament in Shashi Deshpande’s Roots and Shadows

Shashi Deshpande’s novels revolve around the circumference of real life experiences, evading the shadows of idealism. She travels in the terrain of human sensibility where all issues and obstacles are overcome gradually through self-introspection. Her protagonists find their way to discover their identity. Indu, the protagonist of the novel, Roots and Shadows, yearns for freedom and security. In an attempt to be completely...

Author(s):Muthusamy Kavitha and Padmini Bernard Fenn

Article in Press

The socio-feminist realism of Chimamanda Adichie’s half of a yellow sun and purple hibiscus

This research investigates the Socio-Feminist Realism of the novels of Chimamanda Adichie. The selected texts for analysis are Half of a Yellow Sun and Purple Hibiscus. She attempts an interrogation of Nigerian socio-cultural environment and issues in her fictional world especially in the analysis of domestic, national and gender problems. Most interestingly and the focus of this research is the cradle way Adichie handles...


Article in Press

A Psychoanalytic Exploration into Oromo Novel: Suuraa Abdii

This research was aimed at contributing to the effort of extensive categorization of Afaan Oromo literature into the written and unwritten literary corpuses. The main objective of the study was to identify the key concepts of Freudian Psychoanalysis in the selected Oromo novel Suuraa Abdii which was used as a primary source of data. Important excerpts for the analysis were taken from the novel through a Close Reading...

Author(s):Rabbirra Dhaba

Article in Press

“He has put a knife on the things that held us together and we have fallen apart”: Reading Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart: A Postcolonial Perspective

Being a postcolonial narrative, Things Fall Apart experiences a wide critical acclaim. From the pen of Chinua Achebe, the Igbo cultural complexity has come into being a theme that opens up an historical account of the clash of two cultures. Okonkwo, a very well-known public figure in his community falls under the threat of a new culture brought by the white missionaries preaching the gospels of the Christianity. After the...

Author(s):A.K.M. Aminur Rashid

Article in Press

Major problems in the assessment of speaking skills and their improvement at secondary level in Punjab

In this research, the researcher has investigated the practice of testing and evaluation of English speaking skills by highlighting issues involved in testing of speaking skills. It has been observed that there are many problems in the teaching and testing of speaking skills at secondary level in Punjab. The researcher planned to use both qualitative and quantitative mixed methods because both develop a complete research...

Author(s):Nazir Robina

Article in Press

Quest for renewed self and identity of the protagonist in R.K Narayan‟s „Vendor of Sweets‟

Great world writers have always been disposed to different forms of quest in their works as one of their main preoccupations is with the nature and the creation of the Self. Quests recover essential things to human life in encounters between cultures, with alien surroundings, people, animals, nature, or the Other; namely, the waking of individual in the knowledge of himself, knowledge about others, the world, and the...

Author(s):Venkataramana Balaga

Article in Press

Headedness and the syntactic structure of Basà compounds

Basà language is classified as belonging to Kainji family under the sub-phylum Western-Kainji (Croizier and Blench, 1992). It is spoken in North Central Nigeria, that is, all the Federal Councils, Niger, Nasarawa, Benue and Kogi states. This study investigates headedness and the structure of Basà compounds. Data gathering for this work involved interview, the native intuition of the researcher, careful observation of...

Author(s):Imoh Philip Manda

Article in Press

Bearing Witness and Documenting Suffering in Two Moroccan Prison Memoirs: Tazmamart: The Cell No. 10 and Memoirs of Mohamed Al-Raiss, From Skhirat to Tazmamart: A Round Trip Ticket to Hell

This paper compares and contrasts two Moroccan prison memoirs: Tazmamart: The Cell No. 10 and Memoirs of Mohamed Al-Raiss,From Skhirat to Tazmamart: A Round Trip Ticket to Hellby AhmedMarzouki and Mohamed Al-Raiss respectively. The memoirs under discussion can be divided into three major parts: the first contextualizes and discusses the abortive coups against King Hassan II of Morocco in 1971 and 1972 and details the...

Author(s):ElhamTaha Hussein

Article in Press

The possibilities of narrative: A theoretical review of how we can read and write our way through psychological trauma

This article details the possibility of overcoming psychological trauma through reading, writing and the process of bearing witness. The research covered describes the history and anatomy of trauma including an analysis on how trauma affects memory. The research provides insight into how narrative transforms implicit memory into explicit memory through creating a narrative of the traumatic experience. Finding that the...

Author(s):Samantha, L. H. Denney

Article in Press

Eliot’s The Waste Land: Allusions as the structure to maintain form through paradoxical dualism

Allusions in The Waste Land deserve to be considered because Eliot has created a world of formal perfection out of them; moreover, the interweaving of various symbols taken from his major sources, i.e. Miss Weston’s From Ritual to Romance, and Frazer’s The Golden Bough, constitutes the central meaning of the poem, as they are applied to the modern Waste Land. Sometimes quotation and allusion become the very language of the...

Author(s):Ebrahim Hassanpour

Article in Press

A social constructivist theory of Trauma: 9/11 and the marginalized diasporic Iranian identity in Porochista Khakpour’s Sons and Other Flammable Objects

This study in an endeavor to argue that a post-9/11 narrative like Porochista Khakpour’s Sons and Other Flammable Objects assigns a new meaning to an event like 9/11, and tries to reconstitute the identity of Khakpour’s ethnic collectivity around this newly-defined event. In this study, we argue that Jeffrey C. Alexander’s theory of Cultural Trauma can provide us with a more meaningful framework for the study of post 9/11...

Author(s):Arash Rahmani and Amir Ali Nojoumian

Article in Press

The Forgotten Bibliography of Albanian Drama

The present lack of a unique bibliography which can reflect the totality of published national drama, and the need for combined bibliography for educational purposes, led to the composition of the Bibliography of Albanian Drama. Research, for the first drama, lasted until 2017 and was conducted in Albania, Kosovo, Macedonia, Turkey, Italy, Greece, Croatia, in other Balkan countries, in Europe, in archives, in literary...

Author(s):Erenestina Halili

Article in Press

Modernism: Cultural anarchy or new perspective

The decades between the end of the Nineteenth century and Twentieth century in the Western hemisphere have been years of conflict and ambiguities. The political frame has witnessed the rise and fall of a new social actor, the bourgeoisie; meanwhile the weaknesses of so called democratic systems have led to the madness of Totalitarianism. The very same confusion defines the cultural paradigm where old literary parameters...

Author(s):Castelli Alberto

Article in Press

Some Non-Standard English features in creative writing in English in Cameroon

This paper examines some Non-Standard English features (henceforth NSE features) in Creative Writing in English in Cameroon (henceforth CWEC). The data are three novels which are published by learned Anglophone users of English. These novels are selected for classroom teaching in English-medium schools in Cameroon. The narrow data consist of non-standard words, phrases, expressions and short passages which are extracted...


Article in Press

Exploration Light and Darkness in Conrad`s Heart of Darkness

This paper deals with two contrary aspects ( Light and Darkness ), and how Joseph Conrad deliberately used these aspects in his novella Heart of Darkness. He takes advantage of several important literary techniques during the story. One predominant method of his storytelling is his use of light and dark symbolism. Throughout the story, the narrator, Marlow, portrays Europeans and Europe in terms of light and white,...

Author(s):Alkhafaji Weam Majeed

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