International Journal of
English and Literature

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. English Lit.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2626
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEL
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 277


No country for old men: Finding a place to be in New South Africa

Duncan Emmanuel Godfred Kobina Essel
  • Duncan Emmanuel Godfred Kobina Essel
  • Department of Languages, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Methodist College of Education, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 18 September 2021
  •  Accepted: 16 March 2022
  •  Published: 31 March 2022


Aidoo K (1991). Of Men and Ghosts. Ghana, Accra: Ghana Publishing Corporation.


Anderson T (2007). In Control or in Despair: Protagonist Analysis of David Lurie in Disgrace and Okonkwo in Things Fall Apart. Sweden: Sodertorns University College. Retrieved from



Salih T (1970). Season of Migration to the North. London, England: Heinemann.


Alford F (2018). Trauma and Psychoanalysis: Freud, Bion, and Mitchell. Psychoanalysis, Culture and Society 23(1):43-53.


Bartnik R (2014). On South African Violence through Giorgio Agamben's Biopolitical Framework: A Comparative Study of JM Coetzee's Disgrace and Z. Mda's Ways of Dying. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia 49(4):21-36.


Boehmer E (2002). Not Saying Sorry, Not Speaking Pain: Gender Implications in Disgrace. Interventions 4(3):342-351.


Buikema R (2009). Crossing the Borders of Identity Politics: Disgrace by J.M. Coetzee and Agaat by Marlene van Niekerk. European Journal of Women's Studies 16(4):309-324.


Butler J (2007). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. London, England: Routledge.


Carrigan T, Connell B, Lee J (1985). Toward a New Sociology of Masculinity. Theory and society 14(5):551-604.


Chekhov A (2016). The Cherry Orchard: A Comedy in Four Acts. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.


Coetzee JM (1999). Disgrace. New York, USA: Penguin Groups.


Connell RW (2005). Masculinities. Cambridge: Polity.


Freud S (1989). The Ego and the Id. 1989. London: WW Norton & Company.


Freud S (2010). The Interpretation of Dreams. 2010. New York: Basic Books.


Freud S (2013). The Ego and the Id. Kindle Direct Publishing.


Frosh S (1994). Sexual Difference: Masculinity and Psychoanalysis. London: Taylor & Francis.


Gay P (1998). Freud: A Life for our Time. London: WW Norton & Company.


Herron T (2005). The Dog Man: Becoming Animal in Coetzee's Disgrace. Twentieth Century Literature 51(4):467-490.


Kimmel MS, Hearn J, Connell RW (2004). Handbook of Studies on Men and Masculinities. California: Sage Publications.


Luyt R (2012). Representation of Masculinities and Race in South African Television Advertising: A Content Analysis. Journal of Gender Studies 21(1):35-60.


Marais M (2003). Reading Against Race: JM Coetzee's Disgrace, Justin Cartwright's White Lightning and Ivan Vladislavic's The Restless Supermarket. Journal of Literary Studies 19(3):271-289.


Marder E (2006). Trauma and Literary Studies: Some Enabling Questions. Reading On 1(1):1-6.


Mooney K (1998). 'Ducktails, Flick?knives and Pugnacity': Subcultural and Hegemonic Masculinities in South Africa, 1948-1960. Journal of Southern African Studies 24(4):753-774.


Morrell R (ed.) (2001). Changing Men in Southern Africa. London: Zed books.


Oriaku R (2016). JM Coetzee's Disgrace as an Allegory of the Pain, Frustration, and Disorder of Post-apartheid South Africa. Matatu 48(1):145-160.


Pechey G (2002). Coetzee's Purgatorial Africa: The Case of Disgrace. Interventions 4(3):374-383.


Poyner J (2000). Truth and reconciliation in JM Coetzee's Disgrace.


Ratele K (2013). Masculinities Without Tradition. Politikon 40(1):133-156.


Ratele K (2016). Liberating Masculinities. Cape Town: HSRC Press.


Sam CA (2016). Masculinity and Futurity: The Portrait of Man in J.M. Coetzee's Disgrace and Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart. The English Literature Journal 3(4):694-699.


Sam CA (2019). The making of the new man in contemporary African fiction: A reading of J.M. Coetzee's Disgrace. Kente 1(1):59-73.


Sanders M (2002). Disgrace. Interventions 4(3):363-373.


Sanders M (2022). Ambiguities of witnessing. In Ambiguities of Witnessing. Stanford University Press.


Travis MA (2010). "Beyond Empathy: Narrative Distancing and Ethics in Toni Morrison's Beloved and JM Coetzee's Disgrace. Journal of Narrative Theory 40(2):231-250.


Tyson L (2006). Critical Theory Today. New York: Routlege.


Tyson L (2014). Critical Theory Today: A User-friendly Guide. London: Routledge.


Vilar E (2005). The Manipulated Man. London: Pinter & Martin Publishers.


Vincent L (2006). "Destined to Come to Blows? Race and Constructions of "Rational-intellectual" Masculinity Ten Years after Apartheid. Men and Masculinities 8(3):350-366.